Jewels of the Quran 2022

Transcript Details

Event Name: Jewels of the Quran 2022
Transcription Date:Transcription Modified Date: 5/30/2022 10:57:25 AM
Transcript Version: 2

Transcript Text

>names of one of the sons and so uh

yahood in in arabic they're called yahood or so those who

uh who are jews and then nasara there's a khiraf about

some of the ulama say it's from nazareth so they were called the nazarenes the nasara from nassaran

and then sabine dr cleary actually has a very interesting

i really like this here so he said in verse

256 of the same chapter there's no compulsion in religion it is not certain

exactly who these sabians were pen rice it was one of the orientalists that did a

dictionary says they consider themselves followers of the prophet noah as islam spread over the globe after the

passing of the prophet muhammad sallallahu alaihi salam the term sabian seems to have been understood depending on the time and situation to include

other great eastern religions like zoroastrianism and buddhism the primary verb from the

root sabaa means to rise as of a star hence some of them said they were worshipped the stars

but here i mean they couldn't worship the stars if they're amongst people

so using the sense of the root as referring to rising stars the name and the image

of revering celestial bodies might also figuratively represent

followers of remote lights of revelation so these are

the remote lights of revelation that were more distant from the early community of islam

than where judaism and christianity so you know muslims tend not there are in

our history many muslim sages that really understood hinduism to be

a a divinely revealed religion we can't say that for any certainty it's not

it's not possible unless the quran or the clearly states that but the great dara

shuru the the great scholar

and prince he was the son of shah

jahan who built the famous taj mahal incredibly pious person but devout

devout committed to

just finding the truth and he wrote an amazing book called mashmal bahrain in the meeting of the two oceans he

actually learned sanskrit he knew he read the the torah the

new testament the hindu scripture all in the original languages he's a

brilliant man but he um

in his own right he was given a mantle by his sheikh who was a kashmiri and he actually said he went to the paradise of

kashmir to learn these these realities he so he wrote a book on

the shepahat of the of the oliya he wrote biographies of the saints but

he he actually translated it's the first translation of the of the upanishads

into persian and so it was a really really momentous event that he did this

and from that came the first translation into french so it was translated from translation into french and then it came

into english but he was convinced that the um

that the hindu religion was a religion of toheid and that the common people misunderstood so what you see in the

kind of common expressions is just like you see in some of the muslim lands where you have ignorant muslims

you know tying things onto tombs and doing things you always find ignorance amongst uneducated peoples but aloha

adam who the sabians are

those who believe in god in the last day those are the real two fundamental things believing in god in the last day

there's a hadith in a bukhari that even if there's a mustard weight of belief in

god that people are going to get out of hell eventually so who do good and have

their reward with their lord they have nothing to fear hof and husan are

are put together because hope is fear of something in the future housing grief is

over things that happened in the past so these are people that are live in the present and this is the they say

that the the the sage the the person uh this of this um

commitment to reality is somebody who lives in the present they're not in the past or the

future this begins really with bani israel and

dr cleary removed that i think because he wanted to focus and he actually mentions that he he he

uh he mentions in his uh in his commentary that this verse of which i have only translated

part contains a beautiful summary of a believer's relationship to god and

humankind and i think it's really important uh because i think the reason

why he omitted is because again these many of these verses are speaking to benny is

and and looking at kind of the the view of that they had they were remiss in in

practicing what they were told to practice and that's how the verse ends but this middle section so this is what

bani is commanded and we this is a so

so it's a beautiful summary of what he said of your relationship with god and then your relationship with humankind in fact

ibrahimovic says that this is the summation really of

the the prophetic uh message because he said it has uh an action that is hospital

it's specific to the heart and that's tohit and then it has an action which is cross to the body the specific to the

body which is the physical prayer the movement of the prayer salah because that's the comma of the

prayer is a physical thing and then it has it's it's got something specific to

wealth so it's got the heart to heed the body prayer the wealth

your zakat and then the general ruling which is

towards allah's creation and then he puts it in the order that it's appropriate so the first is walid

because of their huck your parents their right is so great and then your relatives and he says

so those people that are related to you first and foremost uh that have blood ties with you and then with religious

ties and then waliyatama because they're the orphans are the the weakest people there's nobody

weaker than an orphan if if you think about it because these are children

children that do not have parents and who cares more about a child than the mother and the father so a fatherless

child is the weakest and that's why immediately after you know your blood ponds the orphan

itself taking care of the orphan and also the widow many many examples of that

because they also are at the end of life like the children at the start of their

life they don't have their caretaker very often there are widows at the end of their life that don't have the

caretaker the husband that was looking after them and then the mesakin

the weak amongst us is not to the people over you they're the ones that give hassan to you so it's looking at those

below you this is where your son is and then how do you treat all of humanity

i mean this is a the the power of these verses really are

they're just so stunning in their perfection really and and this is this is what's so

extraordinary about the quran is that you can look at it superficially but when you actually go into it and see the

arrangement and then

that's the general relationship with him just just how many problems result from people not

speaking kindly we recently had this poor boxer get in a fight on an airplane because

somebody was just wouldn't stop unrelenting you know and

or we had uh you know a a slap that was heard around the world

because somebody made a joke about somebody's uh bald wife you know that was a fa i mean just

you know how many problems would be eliminated just by implementing and all of humanity and lin nasi

speak beautifully to people speak speak nicely to people just being nice it's

not that difficult but there's just so many angry people out there

and partly because people haven't weren't speaking nicely to them

right i mean that a lot of it is just the abuse when they were young being told horrible things being bullied

all these things and then what he was like i'm really stunning

and when we took your promise that you should not shed blood of your own and would not drive your own from their

homes and then you confirmed again this is bani israel as you yourselves bear witness

so this came because in in medina in medina when the prosaicer moved to medina and

remember the the medaneese people they were agricultural people and

commerce people the jews had the commerce so the jews controlled the marketplace and then the the elves and

the khazraj they had date farms mostly so this is but the jews were merchants they were

they were buying and selling the the beni porreira had a they were the uh

hula fa the allies of al-aos and benin with al-khazraj so

they were even though they were both from benica they're from the same yemeni tribe

and beautiful people also even before islam there's a famous story because they knew

the last prophet was coming there so they always treated people they were famous for their hospitality

because they they believed that there was this last prophet that was going to come and in fact there was about a

hundred years before the prophet isaiah arrived um they were attacked

uh by uh the city was actually and at night they would send food out to

the to their enemies and the the the chieftain who was leading this

assault on medina was so struck by that he didn't understand and then they explained to him

that they had heard that this last prophet would come and they should honor them and this is

why they've the ansar were always famous for this for honoring people so what would happen

is because it was like that you know allah but you know we have in our

tradition with this famous feud for people from this country that know about this the hatfields and the mccoys and

they were actually related so there's this these things that happen and they usually happen over ridiculous things

but you have these uh these fights that occur between people so they had this famous day yom

which they used to say poetry and then it would rile them up they'd get in fights

again but the jews would actually fight with them and what they would do so that

would that because they wanted the else to win they would fight against uh the benin

aldir so the benigoreda would fight against their own co-religionists and they would actually destroy their homes

they would kick them out of their homes they would take their wealth but but here's the odd thing when they were captured

by the house they would actually ransom them so they would pay the ransom

and the elves couldn't figure that out this is like you're you're fighting against them and then you're paying your rent well the torah tells us that we

have to do that because there are co-religionists and so they the owls thought it was crazy that like

on the one hand you're fighting and then on the other hand you're ransoming them so this is why it says

you admitted that it was prohibited for you to fight your co-religion so they told them that and then they asked them well then why are you fighting them and

he said we don't want our allies to be humiliated so it was purely out of pride

that they were going against their uh religion

says you're killed your own people but it's actually the way it said is you kill yourself but it means killed your

own people it's a proper translation but the way it's said in arabic gets lost in here you kill but then you yourselves

killed yourselves and this is because when you kill

your own people it's like killing yourselves and even when you kill anybody unjustly

it's like you killed all of humanity so this is really important

so and drove out of their assisting efforts against them with iniquity and enmity


so we gave moses the books and the book is the the pentaton the torah

which has the five books of the genesis exodus deuteronomy

numbers in leviticus so those are the five books of the old testament

and caused the messengers to follow after them so there's a whole succession of prophets

and then we gave clear proofs to jesus son of mary and one of the things that was very

interesting in arabic normally you omit the alef so isa it would normally be written bin

maryam not ibn even though the the aleph isn't pronounced here

but what's really interesting is this makes so it says jesus

but it's like it's a second name so it's like jesus but also the son of mary so

it's it's really letting you know the maqaam of mary and mary's macam after

the prophet sam there's nobody that's blessed more on this planet than mary

i mean no billions of blessings go to mary i mean the the catholics

have a devotional practice to hail mary the ave maria it's a very famous

classical piece hail mary so so uh the um

he is the son of mary and he was given these bayonets so

amongst the beginner first of all she she was impregnated by an angel

so and these are the four the quadra of god is displayed in

these aspects so adam has no no father or mother

has a father no mother isa has a mother no father and everybody else has a father and a mother so the

quadra of allah is displayed completely in in our creation

the um the bailly nuts are many so one she only she was only pregnant for an hour so it

was a very quick uh and then she um

when he came out of the womb he he was speaking and in fact when kash

this is in the talmud by the way so this is not this this was said to mary according to

their own uh and if you read jesus in the talmud which was printed by princeton

university press there's a whole section about this that this is the soundest opinion even though later

there were attempts to say oh we're that wasn't talking about jesus it's talking about somebody else but there's a claim

in the talmud that jesus was the son of panthera who was a roman

centurion and that that stuffed allah that that his mother was was a prostitute and

that's why it says in the quran your mother was not a prostitute so the jews said to her you

are a prostitute and but mary then she just said you know the child and the child spoke

it was so intense that they all left except for zechariah he was the only one that could take it when the child would

speak because it was a newborn child and it spoke and so that was one of the big unite and

then also ibrah al-aqma right the that he he

ibrahim he healed the blind and blind was not like cataract

in arabic is blind from birth so the akma is the

one blind from birth so there's no sight there's i mean these are these are problems with the uh

the actual nerve so the optical nerve so they can't see whereas other types of blindness can be

cured um so that would be less miraculous than the akma right and then and then the abrasive is

the one who has like um these diseases of the skin like leprosy and vitiligo

and other types of i mean about us can be used for different things but it's leprosy is one of the meanings so he was

given these clear proofs and and then he knew what they had in their homes

in in their what can you do like what they had in their homes he also

raised lazarus from the dead i mean that's and that was witnessed by many many

people he expelled the demons from possessed people many many nights

and we strengthen him with the holy spirit so we believe in the holy spirit and that's a pretty literal translation

spirit that is holy they say it's

the holy spirit the sanctified spirit so um the holy ghost or the holy spirit

in in traditional orthodox and catholic and then later protestant iterations

they believe that this is one of the what what in arabic is called the

hypostasis so these are these are like parts of the godhead uh the the persona of the godhead the

three persona uh we don't believe that we believe that the holy spirit although we believe in

the holy spirit the holy spirit we believe is actually the angel it's the the head angel of all the angels

um so gabriel and that's why the prophet saw i said when hassan abu nuthabbit was

reciting his poetry he said may the holy spirit you know strengthen

you in that and people can have that the angelic spirit strengthen them in

their in their um

are you not haughty and arrogant whenever a messenger comes to you right

so whenever you don't like what he comes yourselves don't desire it so then you get arrogant

so some of you branded liars like jesus they they actually called him they didn't believe him they didn't

believe his message they called him a magician and other things

and then others you killed like yahya i mean he was actually killed zakaria according to our tradition

[Music] wretched is that for which they have sold themselves and here estero most of

them will facilitate it means this again arabic you have to be very careful with

the arabic in the quran because ashtara usually means to to ba to to purchase but here it

actually means to sell that they should reject what god has sent down them in arrogant jealousy

so there's a kind of there's a jealousy here you know that

that that why is it coming to them why didn't it

come to us and if you look you know this began if

you look at these verses it's it's you know allah says

remember my blessing that i have blessed you with so the nema there

the bani is being told to remember the nema as a way to direct them to the muni

so one of the things that the people of allah say is

the slaves of blessings are many but the slaves of the blesser of blessings are few

so the the nema here they're reminded you know that allah

gave them all these blessings but he can give bless these blessings to other people as well that it's not simply for

them that that the prophets that there are other peoples that had prophets and

that the final prophet was not from bani israel he's from uh

beni adnan he's from ismail and i will make of

him a great nation how could it be great if it's not a

religious nation how could it be great with god what numbers like god cares about numbers

how could it be great and yet genesis abraham was told that i have heard thee

about concerning ismail and he said i will make of him a great nation.

and the the tents of shiloh i mean the tents of shiloh are in

so that shiloh is is our prophet isaiah so

so they have brought on themselves wrath upon wrath if you reject

this thing if you reject because it doesn't suit yourself

then you you're bringing and that's him you know you you incur this

the wrath and it's not wrath like petulance it's not god's a petulant creature

you know like like human beings god is is beyond emotion god does not

have emotion he's the creator of emotion but his

is only for us to understand because he's given us

so but he doesn't he's not getting angry like oh you've he knows everything

people are going to do so we we don't anthropomorphize our lord

but he says wrath upon wrath

in other words he didn't use magic as some of them claimed the book of solomon is a a cult

book claiming that it was this magic that solomon had so far uh

in in islam not with uh like you know muhammad ali used to do coin tricks and things like that that's that's different

i mean that's my crew but but but

is magic incantations invoking putting spells on people doing these

things that's kofar

they were the ones that used the magic so the he calls them the obsessive were ungrateful

and if you look at his argument for using that term it's very interesting um because

it's it gets to the root of what shaitan is about

and what what came down to the angels at babylon so babel is near al-khufah in

iraq in in the in the country of iraq there was a place babel and babylon the

scarlet lady the of babylon babylon is in the old testament they were very very profligate people

diverted and they were warned and and they were destroyed so babylon is everything

negative in the old testament is personified in babylon

so these two angels americanis

are these two angels there's khiraf about this and you'll get into uh you know

even actually says the hadith about them being given free will they were they were

the most worshipful among the angels and all the angels were complaining about humans because constantly there was all

this these horrible the angels would bring their reports on

what humans were doing and it was all just negative and corruption and all these things and so harut and marut

were given the free will and then they because of that they lost their melakia

they lost their their angelic nature and were given human nature and they did what humans

did and so it was to show the angels that that's one opinion so but you'll you'll

see different things but the point is they did teach

and but they said in them we are a test and that's that's one of the fundamental

fitna also in the quran means different things it can mean sedition it can mean

civil strife right so like civil war is called fitna that fits in

so but here it means test we are a fitna because fatanah iftinhu the original

meaning of it in arabic is to test gold for dross so when you heat up gold you test it for

dross and that's why when things break out when fitna breaks out you see who's gold you see who's silver you see who's

copper and you see who's toxic lead like people really reveal themselves in fitna and that's why it's such a useful

word in that way because whenever fitna when fitness come suddenly people that never do anything they're full of energy

and they're on the phone and do oh did you know this and that and there's where were you like

you never volunteered at the mosque i tried to get you to volunteer for the bake sale you were too busy

but now that there's a fitnah you have so much free time

very interesting humans yeah

and the worst ones are your beast friends right

and this is really demonic because the worst thing that you can do

is separate between a family so when there's love in a family when there's a bond and people that separate that in

fact in the hadith which is in sahih muslim ibris

you know it's it says that

he put his throne on water because god's throne is on water so iblis is a great mimicker

when i first went to to las vegas i realized that it's a perfect imitation of not

perfect stuff of the law but it really looks like the area around mecca

like anybody who's been there and been to mecca they're struck by that fact and

and and las vegas is a international hajj of sin

people make pilgrimage from all over the world to las vegas

to to to sin it's called sin city and and people go

from all over the world to mecca for piety and so

it's clear that he made his his hajj there i mean that's

so he put his throne on water and then he ba

so he sent out his raiding parties syria is a raiding party in a military term so

he sent out his saraya his raiding parties like they're going out to raid

human beings that's what they do

and the one closest to him in station is the one that does the greatest harm

in in the raiding parties so when they come back

so they come back and they say to iblis oh and he's like on his throne you're listening to oh i did such and such and

such as he said you didn't do anything you know i got him to kill i didn't do

anything i got him to steal you didn't do anything and then one of them that one of them


i didn't leave him until i separated him from his wife and iblee says

you're the you're the best so that shows you because all those

other things come from that fundamental breakdown like all the social problems come from

family breakdown and that's why if you look in all these places where there's high crime

just look at the kids where's the father where where was the where was the father

to discipline him to show him the right way to give him the path it's all very clear so that's why all those other

things are nothing because from doing what the one he said

he gets all those other things so break the family destroy the family

that's it

yet they hurt no one thereby except by the evil god and this is important because this is in the end our deen you

know it's only by the island of allah subhanahu wa ta'ala allah has permitted these things for ahikmah and we have to

respect that we looked already at you

you know are you going to put in the earth the one who sows makes trouble and trouble is a brilliant

uh translation when i when i looked at it because i realized you know if you translate a facet as

corruption that's only one aspect whereas if you look at trouble in the dictionary it's got all it's got civil

strife in fact the troubles of ireland are the civil war of ireland they were called the troubles so it's

got everything it's got mental troubles you know like he's in trouble with the law

you know so it really is a it's actually a really good term for that at that point but anyway

so they learn what would harm them not what would benefit them

that those who had bought it had no share in the hereafter khalakleb

that had no share in the lab

and wretched was that for which they sold themselves if only they knew that's bit it says

it's an interesting um like sanne so one is the worst and the

other is the best you know you know what a good man zayd is or

so now anno

so if they had only they had been faithful and conscientious the reward from the presence

of god men and would have surely been better if only they had known

to god belongs the east and the west so allah possesses the east and the west

and here is a joomla so wherever you turn them

so it's it's really indicating the essence of god so there is

the face of god in other and also it's translated um some of them say jihito

law that it's the direction you're wherever you face you're facing god

in allah and that's why

the secret of allah's book is in the names at the end of the ayahs

why would he use that here is it's a brilliant translation i don't know if he's the only one that used that

but it means

that he encompasses all things which literally in arabic was means vast

or wide but here it literally means the omnipresent he's encompassing all things all-knowing alim

so he is in other words wherever you turn there is the is the law and then he knows so

he knows what

and they say god has begotten a son subhanah there's tanziya transcendence

god glory be to godzilla bella who

no to him belongs all this is istit daraq in arabic

in other words it's going no rather no it's changing the the humafist

everything is obedient to god kunut is obedience khan it is the one who's in a state of obedience it's it's the pious

one before god swarath is done at fajr for the shaffirs and the


so imam says that the reason that this

whole error came in was because one of the names of god

in the previous shariah was father so the jewish tradition and the christian

tradition use the name father as and and i don't know if it's related

to father you know allah because it's a it's a sanskrit father comes from originally

from sanskrit but it's very interesting that father is very similar

but so he says that it's because

god the father and which was a valid name in fact even tamiya in his extraordinary six volume work on the uh

the bible says that it it was abrogated for the muslims as a name so we can't call god the father because of the

gendered language which makes it very interesting that dr cleary decided to translate this in a gender to this

language because people were thinking that god has a gender with that name

it's very interesting so

the uh god uh subhanah bellahumaf is

he possesses everything in the heavens and the earth

and it is isn't it interesting but badiru the originator didn't use fatiru badiru-samawati the originator so

it has no badiya is truly creative and that's why

you know they used to have uh traditionally there was no such thing as creative writing

courses because there's no such thing as creative writing actually the courses previously were

learning how to imitate other writers so it was imitating great writers so he

actually learned how great writers wrote creative writing is this idea oh you

create it in arabic the word to

to for a human means to lie because the only creator is allah

everything else is imitation humans are only imitating allah is the only

khalakha and that's why there's no such thing really as creative right like he's a creative person creative like how what

what did he create everything is just imitation

and so uh ibdah is is this word vedir

art is a better term it's innovative so you can innovate you know it's something

that somebody does something new and that's from the latin

novaree which is new novus you know new so vadiya is is something

you know an innovation pediru

whenever god decrees anything god says to it be and it is fayocono and that pha is not sababia it was very interesting

because usually if you have an amar you'd have a first sababia

be and it is there's no severe you know there's a because this the sub

of you know them there's no illa there's no there's no cause and effect in that way

there's no sebabee we we use it majasan with allah you know it's a figurative it's purely figurative

and now say we believe in god and what was revealed to us and what was

revealed to abraham and ishmael and isaac and joseph and the tribes

there's but jacob had 12

sons and i think five were from leia

and then he had uh two uh concubine and then he had um

raheel or rachel and raheel who's rachel who's the mother of

um yusuf and benjamin and benjamin uh in the jewish tradition she died in

childbirth with benyamin but raheel was honored by the muslims

and her maqam was in palestine it's still there but now it's a jewish mam the muslims don't visit anymore but it

used to be it was the muslims that actually it was the ottomans that built the makam of

amazing i think leia is buried at the where the uh

where sarah and where all the um in in khalil al-khalil

so the the asbath are the tribes so there's 12

sons reuben was the oldest and you have levi and and and danny and

and jad god which god is still used in egypt that's

one of the sons god jad yeah so these these were the sons

that and and what was given to moses and jesus

now look at this so they're all the the jewish prophets right

so but then it says

all the prophets

they're all from god so we unlike the previous dispensations

reject some of the prophets and accept other ones we accept them all

we accept moses i mean we have palestinian kids named musa

you know and they're under israeli occupation they name their kids musa

the the prophet of the jews we have muslims named isa

the prophet of the christians because there are prophets that's why when i was talking with rabbi

lerner may god give him a healing he wasn't well but uh when i was talking about

brother he said when arch i said your citizens are tradition you know we're like

we get what you have and then we get more i mean

we don't make any distinction so even though there's tafadal in the messages and the prophets have greater numbers

they have different makama those things that's that's all but in their essential

prophecy we don't make any distinction between them the prophet saw islam said don't let father

don't prefer me over eunice evan metta in the nebula don't think that

you know no we're we're all from god and and that's why you should never say our prophet's greater than your prophet

or something like that because there's no there's no benefit in that there's no point in in that i mean we

should know who our prophet sam was we should know that but you don't

attack other people's religions or traditions

and your god is one god

there is no god but the one

that is right there everything is right there

and and how does god choose to define himself

after telling us he's one what does he want us to know about him

so the mercy of participating in creation that you participate in being

because god is is the ultimate being and so he has allowed us to participate

in an attribute of his even though it's temporal he's allowed us to participate

in wujoud and that's namited ejad and that is such

a great blessing but then within imdad that yumidu he's constantly sustaining us he's

keeping our bodies most of us 98.6 temperature we've got

things in our body right now that are fighting viruses and bacteria allah

created all of that for us allah is doing all that that's his in debt and then food and sustenance he

enables you to break down your lipids and your proteins and your carbohydrates oxygen to sustain yourself

you know that you breathe in and going to all that and this all from allah subhanahu wa ta'ala

and then look like okay right after that

after he says there's no god but god

he he wants us to see what he why he's god why we should worship him why we should

adore him why we should submit to him

behold in the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of night and day and the ships that sail on

the sea to profit the people and the water god rains from the skies thereby enlivening the earth after it has died

and spreading animals of all kinds of

and spreading animals of all kinds there upon and in the shifting of the winds i mean now we know the whole wind system

on this planet it's a completely organized and in fact it's our human beings that are causing the disruption

of these incredible do not disturb the earth do not corrupt

the earth after we rectified it for you we said it right there in our

signs right and then with sahab and

and then the clouds enslaved there between the heavens and the earth

you know there in our signs for a discerning people they're in our signs for people that

have reason that can think about these things and then uh a little further this is further down

lei said or alberto [Music]

it's one of those comprehensive words it's hard to translate but it has to do with

it can also be charity it can be upright behavior it can be piety it can be obedience

all these things that you turn your faces east and west so in other words it's not the formal

aspect and i think i i really like she has a very nice

here is one of the most beautiful summaries of essential islamic beliefs and practices

it is not righteous that you turn your faces east and west this seems to mean that the heart of religion is not

defined by superficial profession or allegiance as defined in terrestrial terms

some translators what render the wow here as or but the more usual and seems to me

to be more inclusive and thus more suggestive of the transcendental aspect of devotion even as is practiced within

everyday life so it's quite beautiful which you know so

like the east or the west he says the east and the west to make it inclusive here

[Music] the treasured light verse included in this section of readings from the quran

says that the light of god is like a lamp a lit with oil from a blessed olive tree that is neither of the east nor of

the west and then so they those who believe in god and the

last day and the angels and the books and the prophets so there except for the qatar it pretty sums up our belief

and who donate goods and money goods and money it was very interesting

see these are really nice nuance aspects of this translation who donate goods and money

for love of god it also can be despite your love of the goods of the money so

the could be so it has both meanings they give it out of love of god but also they love those

the things they're giving so it's it and that's like the prophet saw i said was asked

you know that you are the best when you're

healthy you're sound because people on their death bed you know will give it away right no when you're healthy and

sound and you fear poverty you you hope for increase and

you fear poverty i mean it's quite stunning to relatives and orphans again the most

important what masakeen women is and the wayfarer and to the needy was

the needy here really are the beggars people who are asking

freeing the slaves and who are constant in prayer and who give alms for welfare and those

who fulfill their promises when they make them and who are patient and suffering adversity and hard times

so is difficulty in your circumstances the is

difficulty in your actual body so they're patient when they have difficulty also

can mean like and poverty and also humiliation those

difficulties the ra can mean here marat or zamana like chronic disease

people have chronic pain for those of us who have chronic pain you

know people who have chronic pain know how difficult it is and traditionally those type people

you know like my mother and father's generation they didn't even complain they didn't even mention it to people because they didn't

want other people to know that we would make them feel bad it's like

you know there's a there was a comedian who died a while back and he

had cancer for 10 years and he never told anybody even his own family didn't know uh jan or daddy

mentioned this to me because he liked this uh norm macdonald but he

he didn't tell anybody he was sick and they asked him why when he they found out he was dying and he said he just

didn't want to make anybody sad you know so there's people that they just they they suffer enduring that's

what it means enduring law you know patient enduring

in war and jihad but also hard times they're all sound meanings suffering adversity and hard

times they're all sound meanings they are the truthful ones

[Music] and then 254.

so there's spend before that day comes there's no

bartering there's no friendship there's no mediation and it is the ungrateful who abuse and oppress

and then this is the great ayat the prophet isaiah said it was the greatest verse abu under he asked him

what was the greatest verse in the quran he mentioned this and he struck him on it gave him a strike on his chest and

said you know congratulations on that knowledge

because this really gets at the again the essence of the quran is really a book about god

from god about god and goes back to god like he he recites

it the prophet isaiah said the best thing that you can give to god is what came from god which is the quran

so it came from god it goes back to god god

allah exclamation mark

the end of time won't come until nobody says allah allah you know you know there is no god but

the one the living the self-subsistent these are two really important

attributes of god drowsiness does not overtake him sinneh is like just a nod off just a knot

does not overtake god nor sleep well i know the humaf is

he possesses that's who god belongs what is in the heavens and the earth who could there be who can intercede with

god ladies who can intercede except by leave of god

god knows what is in front of them and what is behind them but they do not comprehend

anything of god's knowledge

the throne of god extends over the heavens and the earth and the preservation of them both is not oppressive to god it's not a burden

it doesn't weigh him down

and then [Music] comes immediately after that once god's declared

it's amazing no compulsion in the religion

it's clear so if somebody's blind you can't guide them unless they want guidance

but if somebody just says leave me alone you have to leave them alone

[Music] so whoever just believes in idols are things worshipped other than allah

and believes in god and has taken hold of the most reliable handle that uh does not break for god is all hearing

all-knowing those who spend their wealth in the way of god and then do not follow what they spend with reminders of their

generosity or with abusive treatment they have their lord they have their reward with their lord and there is

nothing for them to fear and they will not sorrow again hope kind and forgiving words are better than

charity followed by abuse because there's people that are abusive with their charity they could remind you of how much they

helped [Music] don't tell me uh how much you've done

for this religion that's what the prophet was told to say to these bedouin who were coming out we

supported you we join your religion you know wanting something

don't tell me what a great boon your islam is to this religion

no allah can remind you of his blessings to you so and that's why al-manan is a

negative term except for god god has every right to remind us but when you remind other people

and partly it's because in reality it's from god you were just a subup so don't tell them what goodness you've done for

them because in reality it came from god it's just god has told us you know we have to thank people and encourage people

and then don't nullify your charities by reminders of your generosity or by abusive behavior

as do those who spend their wealth to be seen by the people without believing in god in the last day and what that is

like is a hard stone with dust on it on which a heavy rainfall so it's just barren and there's nothing nothing comes

out of it the example of those who spend their wealth seeking to please god and strengthen their souls is that of a

garden or a null and that it's quite beautiful i mean i don't know if he's the first

one to use that but it's a perfect term because uh noel is a you know the grassy knoll at dallas there's a place where

you know they think there might have been other gunmen but it's called the grassy note because it's an elevator it's an eminence so is

elevated it's in english language no it can also mean null like the null of a bell like nell the death knell of the

bell ask not for whom the bell tolls it tolls for thee but also asks not for whom the bell knows

it knows for thee so null can also mean the ringing of a bell it's a verb to know the bell

the messenger and then this alhamdulillah we got to the end so the mecca i want to get to at least finish

bakara the messenger believe

so the messenger believes he believes the prophet when the jewish rabbi came and gave his description of the torah he

said i meant to be rasulullah i bear witness that i'm the messenger it strengthen his iman

remember when he got the message he was troubled he didn't know

and that was his sincerity who am i that was who am i to get a

message from god who am i and that's why it's so arrogant you see

these people that god spoke to me really god

creator of the heavens and the earth knower of the scene and the unseen spoke to you what did he tell you

i mean it's like that is a sure sign of madness and that's why the prophesied sin was so troubled

but then look here's the proof this is what came out of him it's not like somebody wandering around talking to

himself saying that god's speaking to him i mean this transformed the world

this transformed western civilization all these things that western people see they don't even know that it came from

ikra bismi arabica lady all the mathematics all the architecture all the

science if you read george sartan's multi-volume on the history of science

the first two volumes are all muslim names right

so this is what came out of god speaking to a man

by their fruits you shall know them don't look at isis in the same way you can't look at pedophilic priests to

determine what catholicism is you know no look at our civilization look at what the muslims built

look at look at the taj mahal look at the alhambra palace

what kind of people built those

these are the remnants that we leave behind to tell you who we were so after we're

gone look at what we have left behind if you want to know who the muslims were

look at what these people left behind and those were people that were following this book and they were

following our prophet saw isaiah and that's why they were given toffee and when they die

deviated and the prophet isaiah said you will deviate you will follow the way of other peoples

that went before you the jews and the christians and the other religions he told us that and he warned us of that

and that's why muslims have to make taubah and so do all the faith each believes in

god and god's angels right well mo minoon we believe in allah

and his angels and his books and his messages

we don't make distinction these are all prophets from god and they say we hear and we obey him

we ask your forgiveness our lord

does not compel a soul to do what is beyond its capacity this is from allah's rahmah

it gets what it has earned and it is responsible for what it

deserves our lord

do not punish us do not take us to account if we forget or if we air

in because nisian and khatta are different you can forget and you can make a

mistake if we forget or we air to air as human to forgive is divine

right so we make mistakes but we're asking allah and then we ask him for what we know and

what we don't know because sometimes we make mistakes not even knowing

do not place on us a burden

[Music] like you put on those who went before you they had great burdens of piety and

practice the muslims we have it easy compared to the previous dispensations of what they had to do to get close to

allah and we're in the latter days of this ummah which is even easier to get close to allah subhanahu ta'ala in these

latter days when so many people are turning away from allah

and please our lord do not make us carry that for which we lack the strength

and please grant us pardon and forgive us

and have mercy on us you are our mawlana you are our

protector um they have no protector you are our protector

so help us against the ungrateful people help us against the ungrateful people

that are wreaking all this havoc in the earth alhamdulillah so that is uh

i that's what i was hoping to how relevant are concepts like stress syllable intonation pitch the quranic restoration

how do they affect the meaning is there a book explaining the poetics of the quran you know poetics we're using that term

obviously i i understand how he's using that term because quran is not poetry

but but it has in it in english poetry meaning beautiful language not poetry not sure

right so stress civil intonation pitch these are all very important in in in the quran

what are called the in in tajweed those are ishtihad so those are the ishtihad of the the

quran and they're different israel so you have different there are places where it's haram to stop obviously

because it will it will affect the meaning and in the house quran it's very nice because they give you the a little

signal uh of the huh yeah

like not just yet don't stop here right because you can uh

corrupt the meaning of it um like the khatib who said to the prophet

something and then he said because he added a wow where there shouldn't be so

stress is very important syllable intonation all these things when you get into deep tajweed studies

the great quran of this ummah actually learned the muhammad

and recited the quran based on the mahamat so the are

what traditionally in music theory are called modes which are slightly different from key signatures so in music you have key

signatures but you also have modes so you have these famous modes that have been identified like the doric mode

right the phrygian mode these are modes so like there's melancholic modes like if

you look at irish music it's it uses uh melancholic modes that's why when you

listen to it it's it's just not the jigs are very upbeat but a lot of irish music is very mournful

so so uh the great masters of tajweed learned the

modes and they would recite that they still do this believe it or not in fact there's on on youtube there's actually a

then from turkey who shows you the different makaams that are used in the different prayers so the fajr he uses a

makam to wake people up and so the this is how sophisticated our religion got was that they were using

uh the intonations uh to do that and stress so

raising the voice i mean one of the sheikh nuren who allah

lot of people very attracted to his recitation that's those

where he's going up and down those are all regulated so the stress will affect the meaning the wakufa are interesting

because you have like imam who aloha i mean i have no problem with

this some people have a problem but he actually his he said were purely from kash

that uh although according to you can't use it for like you can't the

you can't use kash for the prayer time like to have a question the prayer times in you can't use it you have to

do the go out and measure the shadow or now people just look at the prayer time

on their watch or their adhan which they can end up praying at the wrong time in any case

the um the very interest like help the imam is moroccan he has like kalila

[Music] it completely changes the meaning so

kalila they are a few minaleili they don't sleep at night whereas if you

don't do the waku there it's [Music] they only sleep a small portion of the

night so the the stops can really affect the meaning

that's different from raibafihi and then hudalin so the walks

it gives a lot of possibility for many many interpretations which is really interesting one aspect

of the quran the names of jacob's sons and wives are not in the quran does that information come from yes

they're mentioned in our tafsirs they it comes out of the bible the prophet sallallahu alaihi salam

permitted us to quote the bible and just he said

don't be absolute don't deny it and don't be absolute in its affirmation but

there are many useful things there's been a modern trend amongst the mufasirun to

completely remove all of the israelites there is some benefit in that because a

lot of the superstitions that got into the tafsir came out of

the previous dispensations but on the other hand there's a lot of interesting things how do we understand the quranic

verses give giving glad tidings to jews christians jews and saviors in the light of perennial thought i mean obviously

the perennialists like that verse i think for me the best thing that i've

read on this subject is faisal which is imam al-qazadi's book

that allah allah is going to judge people we're not judges we can't say anybody's

going to heaven and hell the quran makes it very clear that if

people do this this and this they're going to hell but in the end there's something called

in our tradition the of allah allah fulfills his what in terms of his threat if he does not

fulfill his threat it doesn't diminish him whereas if he if he didn't fulfill his

promise it would diminish him so the example they give if if a ruler says

to you know some somebody in another land he said wallahi is

like if he comes here i'll slaughter him and then the man comes and he forgives him

nobody's going to say oh that he didn't fulfill his promise they'll actually see it as a good thing

he said oh he's a merciful ruler whereas if he said

if he comes i'll give him a thousand dinars then he comes he says sorry i'm not giving you anything everything you

say ah what a miser that guy was right so allah makes threats he doesn't have

to fulfill the threats but he makes promises and he has to fulfill the promise although he has promised that he

will fill jahannam so that's not a threat that's a promise so

you know people should be concerned about that i'm trying to study arabic to better understand the quran how long did

it take you i mean i'm still learning arabic so it's going on 44 years

arabic is an ocean and you know i still

i still study arabic i learn words i learned a word today that i didn't

know so it's it's the ocean the the muritan is

nobody can learn all of arabic except a prophet so there's always something new to learn

always something new to learn i didn't know tamara meant to for your

hair to fall out you know there's in the hadith it says

the prophet seems his face changed like the the

they say like you know you could see that he was upset in his face but also means for your hair to follow

i didn't know that so there's always something you learn any other questions

i understand the quran is eternal means but i don't see how many verses with us how can those verses be applied in different scenarios then

well remember that the quran is in quran

which is the matrix of the book so the quran there are infinite possibilities with

allah's words allah says if the oceans were inc and the and the forests were pans

the words of god would never be exhausted so allah could rearrange he could i mean

it's just infinite possibilities out of 29 letters allah can adi

and then but there are other possibilities i mean the there are infinite possibilities to

the meanings that that allah could generate from uh from the quran

so what do you think of the view by imam and other scholars that say the mary was

i mean yeah that's been pointed out some of them said asiya also

the prophet isaiah mentioned about the perfected women the kumbh amongst the women

i mean maryam is you know i my understanding the word or what i was

taught the dominant opinion of uh the school of uh of akida that i was taught is that

the prophets are males and the reason for that is

is that the the position that allah has put the the

male in the male is and the male has a daraja the male is

has allah has given an authority to the male

which doesn't diminish the female and it shouldn't be seen like that it's actually a tribulation for the male

because it's it's a it's a big tribulation to be put into that position

so um but if if she was a prophet you know we'll find out in the afterlife

i mean this is a valid difference of opinion the mature the dominant opinion

is that they're from the men but clearly the angel spoke to her which

i mean that's that's a revelation certainly

and there's a difference obviously between the messenger and a prophet so the rasool has the book or has a new sharia

whereas the prophets are given revelation so the idea that that she

had revelation from god i mean that's clearly in the quran and that's why i mean many mention this that that they

considered her to be amongst those who received prophecy um

aloha adam you know i the safe position always to stick with

the majority and the dominant opinions are there for a reason so that's that's where we hold to inshallah

inshallah i hope that you continue to support the college in the last few days of ramadan

even if you've already supported it maybe you could think about giving a second one just out of

a desire to see more that we can do the more you help the more we do the garden

project that has to be specified we don't use any of your donations

uh for things that somebody might think that's extravagant or why are they doing that and

they should use their money more wisely and that's a valid opinion i've thought about that too but my goal is about dawa

and about making this religion again as attractive as it should be

and that's one way that people are attracted it's it's a way to it's like honey you know to bring

uh to to uh to attract people with beauty and then then you can explain to them

what the religion is because we have a lot of bad information about our religion in this country and around the

world and we need to work better you know another thing i've been thinking a lot about is we really need to have more

outreach to the hindu community in the united states because the hindutva is is a very

serious problem um and and the muslims are really under threat

uh in many places where there are there are extremists it's always ignorance

because educated i know that educated hindus that really understand their religion must be horrified by a lot of

what's happening and it's really important not to collectivize people and not to generalize about people but to

really to recognize that there's good people everywhere i mean we have

a hindu lady that's helped us every year with taxes she's a really good lady and she's all you know just a

really sweet lady and i have no reason to have any animus towards her

at all on the contrary she's been very helpful to me and so i feel gratitude and

you know and i think that's the way we should be with people is just judge people

by the content of their character not by the the creed that they happen to follow

because there's a lot of bad muslims you know and and then there's a lot of good

people outside of islam and it's really important just to acknowledge that and to recognize the goodness in people and

i think in doing that we're truer to the nature of our religion and certainly truer to the

nature of our prophet samus he was a mercy to all the worlds

and and and we were said speak nicely to people inshallah