Qurrat al-Absar - Discerning the Eyes Delight

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Event Name: Qurrat al-Absar - Discerning the Eyes Delight
Transcription Date:Transcription Modified Date: 4/24/2022 8:13:08 AM
Transcript Version: 2

Transcript Text

Qurrat 1

e're in ba if it's july and i think people probably
find it surprising that you can be in the arabian desert and to have this type of incredible
um weather here is uh one of the great blessings that allah actually bestowed upon the people
of mecca because this was their masjid this is where they came during the
summer the hottest months of the summer they would come here this was also the source of their food
because mecca as you know it's it's rock and allah wa ta'ala called it a valley
that that had no agriculture and so they
came here and there was a tribe here benite people should know about them one of the great
arabian tribes they worshipped al-lat who was there the goddess here
and the prophet sam as you know came here this is also the burial place of
ibrahimo some of the sahaba many of the sahaba after realizing the
immensity of mecca couldn't live in mecca after the revelation so
many of the sahabah actually ended up in medina and staying in medina and not
going back to their homeland the muhajiroun and even at the end of the hajj he would
say people of yemen go back to your yemen people of syria go back to your syria people of
iraq go back to iraq to encourage them not to stay in the haram because the
the rights of people living in the haram arso
awesome and daunting that they were genuinely afraid to do that in medina and this is one of the
blessings of the rahmah madina medina also has the bomb of the haram it's a haram
and in the mariki madhhab which is the madhhab that i follow the haram of medina is actually
better than the haram of mecca that's the opinion of imam although the entire ummah is in
agreement all of the ulama of the sunnah are in agreement that the the tomb of the prophet
is the holiest place it's more holy than the kaaba that's by consensus
he relates that as mara from estafarini and other ulama so that's important to know
that the medina and also the roda is in the paradise according to the sound
hadis so there is a place in medina that we know is actually in paradise and that's not anything we know
about mecca so both of them are sanctuaries allah made them places of enormous
blessing but also places of enormous tribulation for people that are not aware
of those blessings so it's important the comportment is essential while we're here even being
this close to the haram yesterday because in maliki method you can't go into the haram without being in
like we don't have like the shaft a medhab you can go for other reasons or pass through we can't do that we got
lost on the road yesterday and we ended up in the haram and i just didn't feel comfortable because the first time that i'd been in
the haram like that without the haram on so
even in thai if we're close to the haram so just remember it's the house of allah subhanahu wa
ta'ala and even though allah is everywhere and sees and knows everything that we do
wherever we are the they say
a wrong action when you're near like if you're in the presence of your father and you do something
wrong or your mother it's not the same as offending them when they're absent it's it's just
doesn't have the same they're both enormous but they don't have the same level of
enormity so inshallah the quran is an amazing
text it's a moroccan traditional moroccan text by abdul aziz
one of the scholars from macnas and it's studied and memorized in muritania very
common for the women in moritania to memorize the text it's just over 400 lines and
it has a lot of things about the prophet saw ism that people don't know about and don't really
think about but before i do that i want to go into the text i wanted to talk a little bit
about love of the prophets allah is saddam and why
people should get to know the prophet saw ism intimately
and and respect him in the way that's due to him the the
word in arabic for respect is usually
and has the word haram in it so the the root word is uh the root
master is haram which means a sanctuary and a sanctuary is a sanctuary because
in english we say sanctuary comes from a latin word sanctus which means holy sanctified we get that
word from it so the harma is also a type of inviolability like a woman in in
darija here in saudi arabia a woman is called harma because you she's inviable you don't you
don't approach her you don't accost her you keep your distance from a woman you
have the same it's a it's a similar idea behind the the idea of the haram there's things you
don't do in the haram that you can do in other places and that's the idea of
the the harma it's a type of respect and it's often in the west people
misunderstand although it's abused and there's no doubt about that there's an abuse of the male female dynamic in a lot of
the muslim cultures but if you look at the root of of these rules the root of the rules
of comportment as well as the obligations and the prohibitions is all based upon
this idea of respect of respecting the other of the inviability
the power also respecting the power mecca has an immense power women have immense power over men so
there's a respect and a maintenance of that respect now the word uh
in uh respect in latin comes from a a word which means to look back
spectus is to see and then rey is usually used something back to look back respect
comes out of knowledge there has to be a looking back at
the object of respect to know where they come from to know what they've done to know who
they are that's why we say in english you say you you don't demand respect you command respect
it's something that comes out of knowledge that when people have knowledge of somebody when the
in ramadan um the son of sha abdullah bin bayyah had
they did a t mauritanian tea service at uh a cafe in
in jeddah that's trying to be a center for learning and education and in the murutani tea
service they had these two men doing tea and they served everybody tea now in this culture tea servers are very
low on the totem pole it should be high on the totem pole because actually the
the the uh the the big gods were at the bottom of the totem pole the base the
so but we we didn't get that right like many things with the native americans so we didn't
know that so but anyway they were they're low on the totem pole the the t servers so when they finished
the tea service sheikhna got up and he said you know i'd like to thank the two t servers
and by the way both of them know the quran according to the seven variants of of the uh of the recitations
and everybody was shocked in there because they're assuming these are just like servants like people that just
make tea and so suddenly they it shifts maybe you would
have had a lot more deference when they were serving the tea because now you know something about
them that you didn't know the respect goes up so when when when you're introduced to somebody and
somebody tells you he's a high field and he knows the seven variants suddenly you have respect if you didn't
know that you might not have the same degree of respect now the the people of inner science in
our tradition they try to inculcate in people an assumption of that in all people so that you you have a
type of deference to human beings because you don't know and until they
display otherwise they should warrant that that respect that that's the idea that's the highest
ideal the uh one of moroccan infest told me
you know don't ever have contempt for something because he might be a friend of god you don't know and that's one of the
that allah hid three things in three things he hid his anger in disobedience so you don't
know where what will make god angry like the woman people will say
you know the hadith a woman goes to hell for not feeding the cat that seems like a pretty extreme
result of not feeding a cat but what does not feeding a cat indicate because she wouldn't even let
it go out to eat on its own she just locked it up like tortured it to death
that indicates a state of the heart so the act itself might seem
insignificant because there's people scientists all over the west that lock up animals and torture them
for scientific reasons but so we don't know where allah
subhanahu wa will put that his wrath and then he hid his contentment
in obedience so the prostitute gives the dog some water in the hadith and and the
prophet saw is him said she was forgiven for it which seems like an insignificant act to
give a dog he's panting from thirst and she
gives the dog water so that act indicates something about her
state which is compassion so in one hadith we
have a woman going to help for not feeding a cat and
it's not that she's a bad woman we don't know other than that she didn't feed the cat but in another hadith a bad woman
in the eyes of people a woman of ill repute is goes to paradise for for giving
water to a dog so another very insignificant act but allah that was where his pleasure
was and then he's hid his saints or the people of william the people that allah that allah
takes it upon himself to take care of them those people allah hid in his creation
now we have signs there are signs that you can know but then there's some signs that you can't know because
some of the olia are really hidden and you might think they're completely insignificant people like the
black woman that used to sweep out the mosque of the prophet saw light he said um nobody really thought she was anything
of significance but the prophet i said knew who she was because when she suddenly wasn't there anymore
he noticed immediately where'd that woman go and they said oh she died why didn't you
tell me so i could pray over her. so the prophet saws was concerned about who that woman was
because she she was something with allah subhanahu wa with anna so that's it
it's important that idea of not just giving people respect
because of who you think they are based on what you know about them but
giving them respect with the assumption that you might not know something about them that's very
important but with the prophet salallahu there's
no doubt that the more you know about him sallallahu sunam the more you
come to respect him and esteem him and allah says one of the reasons that he
sent him was to azuruhu watawakiruhu
you know to to to give him aid and to esteem him
to hold him in a high place of esteem and esteem comes from a root word which we get
estimation from it's where you determine the value of something
so when you know the the value of the prophet which is priceless
once you know that the prophet saw is priceless that he is with allah subhanahu wa ta'ala
he has the highest station then your esteem for him is inestimable you can't put
a value on it because it's beyond value you can't work within a language
of economics so loving the prophet sam having this
respect for him is uh extremely important now one of the things that respect
leads to is deference and deference is uh
you give deference to a person's the right of a person the privilege the position the proper
acceptance of a person a type of courtesy to the person so it's defined as showing differences
defined as yielding of judgment or preference from respect to the wishes or
or opinion of another submission to another's opinion so in deference to
him you say this is exactly we are told to do with the prophet salam
to yield our own positions to his position that when the prophet
sallallahu alaihi sallam says something even if we want something else we do what the prophet saws
says and the prophet told us
none of you truly believes this is whenever you see me and then it gives a type of condition
it's it really means none of you truly believes so belief edna iman you know the least
of belief is just uh to uh to accept uh
belief is interpreted as ascension that you are sent to something you believe it you accept it
so if somebody asks you do you believe in allah muhammad rasool allah they say
that we consider him a movement or her mothman so that's the least of
the level but the prophet isaiah is talking about the perfection of iman because iman is a continuum
we know in our own lives there's times when iman is higher than times when it's lower we know when it's higher because our
state with allah is stronger we're more aware of the hadood we're more aware
of wrong if we do something wrong it has more import i know somebody we were with somebody
the other day and they missed fajr and he said that he spent
a period of time doing muhasaba from the day before trying to figure out what he did that
deprived him from missing the fajr
that's aha that's a level of of awareness of your lord in your deen
that a lot of people don't have because a lot of people don't think about things like that of why
why certain things because if if you're not why certain things happen relating to your deen people that are
deprived of if you had a word of quran and then suddenly you're not doing it anymore what happened that's something that was taken
away it was enema that was taken away from you and that's the nature of the deen is that we can lose these blessings
so when the prophet saws said none of you truly believes until his passion
his hawa and passionate is a good translation for passion is a theological term that's
used by the the christians which is an inclination an appetite appetite
from apatere to seek something it's an inclination it's a hawa yahuwi
that they inclined towards mecca the hearts of some of the people minanez
that some of the people that some of the hearts of the people
incline so there's a hawaii is an incline the star when it
as descended right moving down towards the uh the horizon so passion is
a movement it's a haruka fines it's a movement in the self to something
now passion when the prophet isam said you don't believe until your passion is in accordance with
my religion that is now some of our natural passions because
passions fall into different categories one of the categories is natural passions natural passions are those passions that we have just as
our fitra nature eating is a natural passion that's an appetite it's a sensitive appetite
sexual desire is a natural appetite now these desires if they're
constrained by the intellect are in in accordance with the sharia
but then when they go outside of the the constraints of reason of the intellect then they become something else so for
instance allah says
eat and drink but not to excess so the first is the hawa in accordance with the
because you naturally have a desire for food so your desire for food is a natural
inclination and if it's within the bounds of reasonable
reasonableness then it's in accordance with the but if it goes outside of those bounds
it's no longer in accordance with the shutter you've entered into israel
and and allah says those are the the brother the brethren of shaitaan
the people that are extravagant so that's an example of of a natural
hawa and then you have also the passion of the the spiritual passions
so there are spiritual passions for instance people have desire for god
that that's a human desire to know god it's a natural inclination of the soul
to know their lord because we that it's part of our fitra and it's it's it's one of the reasons
and the primary reason that we were created but that in and of itself can become
excessive so when it leaves the boundaries of the sharia when your
search for god leaves the boundaries of sharia and you become excessive in something
for instance total rejection of other people that aren't in pursuit
of what you know to be true things like that also a type of extremist
beware of extremism in the religion hulu is from
to boil over yan it's to boil over where you become so zealous that you
transgress the limits because that's what boiling over is you're out you're going outside of the
pot right i mean everybody's had that experience in the kitchen when the
soup or something suddenly goes over you're wasting it now
the purpose was to cook it but now something else has happened it's boiled over so something's gone
wrong and it creates a mess and this is what happens when the religious appetite becomes
excessive extreme where it's not within the constraints of the sharia so this is this is
important to note that what the prototype is telling us is that you you you sh you have to be within the
limits that when your hawa is in accordance with the hadood that my tradition has
laid down then you truly believe that's why
don't go to excess about me like the christians went to excess about jesus because what did the christians didn't
do that out of hatred for jesus they did it out of love of jesus it was excessive love
just like some of the the the muslim sects that deviated said things about ali out of excessive
love for ali there's even a group that said he was god an incarnate of god
which is one of the miracles of islam because nobody has ever said in the history of islam that the prophet
was was an incarnate of god the prophet is protected from that but ali did not have that protection
so people said that about him so the christians went to that excess because of hawa
the hawa led to saying things about jesus that were not true but they
didn't do it out of their lack of religion they did
it because their religion was excessive that's what allah says to the the people
of the book don't go to excess in your religion to the worst told
to tell them that to tell the kitab
don't go to excess in your religion now the assumption a priori is that you're not excessive in your religion
because do you call people to a thing that you
yourselves aren't practicing so allah subhanahu wa is telling us to tell the christians don't be excessive
in your religion the assumption is you're not excessive in your religion because how can you tell other people so
learning about the prophet salallahu and learning about the r