Special Address (to Zaytuna College)

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Event Name: Special Address (to Zaytuna College)
Transcription Date:Transcription Modified Date: 5/30/2019
Transcript Version: 1

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ah started arguing from the Quran

of the different meanings of mat in the

Arabic language and one of them is

formal Sahaba and a Mac I'm with you it

could also mean indeed Maya hamsa to

than an ear I have five denars with me

so there's different need but he was

saying it's a valid interpretation to

say that it's for Musa haba

to have that there there the OMA is one

the Jews and the Arabs in Medina were

one OMA anyway but the other thing that

he really has mastered is a solid fit

and he knows the great textbooks of our

tradition and so in trying to grapple

with what's happening and one of the

things because we're in such an

enlightened age and there's so many

brilliant commentators on the internet

that are always enlightening us with

their amazing insights and their

impeccable grammatically sound syntax

you know but one of the things that

people you know like why are you just

talking about the minorities what about

all the majorities right and part of

something that we have to understand as

our as Muslims is that when Muslims

fight amongst each other that's just

Muslims fighting amongst each other but

when they oppress minorities in the name

of Islam that's a blemish on the

religion when they're doing it in the

name of the religion and this is about

our religion which is not the property

of the Muslim community and we have a

type of tribalism there's a tribal

mentality you know what I call Benno

Islam this idea that this is my tribe

and the Sahaba were all converts lest

you forget right they were converts to

the religion so this idea is that this

is somehow the possession of the Arabs

or the possession of the Saudis or the

possession of Isis or the possession of

the Pakistani or the Turks or any other

ethnicity no this is a religion that has

an open invitation to humanity

from any chef and human who ever wants

to believe let him believe whoever wants

to disbelieve let him just believe but

it's an open invitation and there's very

clear verses in the Quran that if you

turn away from it God will bring other

people and they won't be like you like

if you're not going to live up to this

faith you'll be replaced with other

people because the human project is

predicated on worship of the Creator if

there's no sound worship there's no

reason for the project to go on and it

ends when when that stops the prophets

all I centum said the end of time will

not come until there's no one left on

the earth to say God so the Atheist win

right Dawkins and all these people

they'll be happy to know that in this

world they eventually they win and you

can see the way things are going it

would appear that that's that's the way

things are going because more and more

people are abandoning faith seeing it as

a problem instead of a solution seeing

it as a sickness instead of a healing

seeing it as an obstacle instead of the

remover of obstacles so he you know in

thinking about this revival of the

mattoon and sexual slavery concubinage

and these things that for instance

graham would in his article using

bernard heiko as a foundation argues

that these muslims that think that isis

isn't following their religion they just

have a distorted version of their

religion and this basically graham woods

argument in that Atlantic Monthly

article that what they were doing or

what they're doing in Syria in Iraq is

actually from Islam it's not an anomaly

they're just practicing things that

Wilson haven't been practicing for a

thousand years and

people like glenn beck has written a

book recently it's number three last

time i look number three bestseller on

the new york times bestseller it is

called the problem is islam argues that

there are many many good muslims but

they're not good because they're muslim

they're good because they're not

practicing islam right and so we're

getting large numbers of people being

indoctrinated into this idea somehow

that our religion is a death cult and

arguably a death cult has emerged within

our religion this whole idea you know

ashada to ohio tuna is slogan that

martyrdom is our goal that's that's not

the goal of muslims that's not that

that's not to go the Prophet said let's

at amend only Allah I do he said also

don't ask for death right and if there

was a better way to die than in the arms

of your wife in your bed then he would

have died that way that's where he died

he didn't die on the battlefield less

than 0.1% of Sahaba actually died in on

the battlefield it's a very small number

of the Sahaba actually died on the

battlefield so this kind of cult of

death that has emerged within the

religions actually very alien to the

Islamic tradition and we he asked about

who the martyr was and they said the

Mars the one who dies fee Sevilla and he

said then the martyrs of my Ummah would

be very few that's in a satya hadith but

he said the martyr is the one who dies

when a building collapses on him or when

he falls off his camel or when he gets

dysentery or when he drowns there's lots

of ways to be a martyr

so in grappling with this Sheikh

Abdullah came up with this idea of

reviving the constitution of Medina it's

sometimes it's referred to as the

constitution of Medina sake Fenton

Medina the cut the the constitution of

Medina for want of a better word was an


in which the profit when he came to

Medina he was invited by some of the

ålesund huzzah Raj but he was not in

full power he had very few followers at

that time there were several Jewish

tribes in Medina there were three major

ones which all of us know Benny upon

OFAC Benny Benny Nevada and Vinny

Florida and he entered into a treaty in

the first year of hijra with them a

Madonna in which they would all agree in

their own religious expressions to work

towards righteousness and to defend one

another and this was this was a pact but

what's interesting about the pact is it

had equal rights in terms of citizenship

and Imam Shafi said this is an agreement

of our community one of the most

intriguing aspects of this Constitution

is that even the most skeptical of

Orientalists actually believe that this

is an authentic legal document patricia

crone a who died a few years back you

know one of the Hagah rights accepted it

Fred doner somebody who's worked a lot

on the origins of Islam accepted it it

there's a few different recensions

that are found even his hop in his

sierra has a a copy we don't have any

original copy but we do know that it was

a valid document and what I spoke on in

Marrakesh I mean chef Abdullah did his

he gave his kid a methoxy Leah what he

calls top Syria which is giving it a

foundational basis in the tradition

where he goes he looks at all the

different texts he looks at he's got

enough ahim with that every studies

these concepts that are misunderstood

like jihad jizya Vilma

arguing that you know that these are

these are really misunderstood concepts

in our tradition and think about what's

important to remember about Chef

Abdullah is that he is not a modernist

by any stretch he is he is very much

embedded in tradition but he's a

creative traditionalist and one of the

things about twinbee arnold 20 the great

english historian who wrote a study in

history 9 volume study of history where

he studied 21 civilizations why they

rose how they maintained their power

why they began to decline and why they

collapsed and argues that out of those

21 civilizations that he studied only

there were only seven living

civilizations today but what he argues

in there is that civilizations are

confronted with challenges and if they

have creative minorities that can

grapple with these challenges they're

able to withstand the challenges and

sometimes overcome them surmount them

but when the challenges become

insurmountable due to a dearth of these

creative thinkers then the civilization

collapses and this is one of the real

trying aspects of our civilization right

now we have very few creative people

most of the people in power I don't

think could get middle managerial jobs

at corporations with their

qualifications a lot of them I've read

the SAT scores that they have on a lot

of these people in the Senate and

Congress and it's embarrassing I mean

they weren't even good in school like

Dan Quayle said if I knew I would have

got this far I would have studied harder

you know and that is a case against

democracy it's a case for monarchy

because at least they know they're going

to be in power so anyway I'll just go

through some of the things that I looked

at it is sanam with Sam at tolerant

Islam one of the verses in sort of that

hatch this was it's a very important

verse I mean everything is important but

but this loan a default locking Nessa

Oh Desiree in wash and NASA barber home

by baldon LaHood D'Amato hood image in

wash Suwannee oh whoa bein Maserati well

message it will charisma logic a tiara

well I am Sauron Allahu magnums

Auroville inna llaha policies had it not

been for God using some people to defend

other people you would have seen the

Suwannee the the churches the beyond the

temples of salah whathe tune so the

monastery is the the churches and the

synagogues and then the massage it were

in wearing god's name is often mentioned

and then the ummah differ does it go

back to massage it the the head of the

meal is a diadem massage it or is it I

doubt all of them you know I think it

makes more sense to say it goes back to

all of them because these are places

where the Abrahamic God of Abraham

certainly is being warship and Allah

says to attack enemies and SWAT invented

or vehicle you know this is a word we

share and one of these recent debates at

Wheaton College that courageous lady who

said that you know we worship the same

God and she's right but the concept of

the God differs the God is the lord of

the of the heavens and the earth the

creator and sustainer of the heavens and

the earth we can differ on how we

conceptualize that God but the God is

the same God in in the same way if you

look at I mean it's a poor analogy but

you have Republicans and Democrats both

of them believe in government but they

have very different concepts of how what

government should be right and and and

so people differ in their

conceptualization of ideas but the idea

of God is the same and one of the things

about our tradition like the Catholics

called the via negativa you know the

gating way which is the way of the

unknowable God and certainly if you read

Aquinas on God even Aquinas on the

Trinity it's very clear that the

Catholics believe in a God that cannot


temporal cannot be in place is not

complex is of simple reality I mean

these these these are these are

understandings that the Christian

theologians had centuries ago so the

idea and then obviously the logos and

the Incarnation those are all mysteries

in that tradition but the God which is

behind the personas what Meister Eckhart

calls the Godhead is the unknowable God

right the God of that with the you know

the in the Vedic tradition they called

the god of the near guna you know the

God who that's attribute list that we

the doubt that can be named is not the

eternal Dao you know so there's in our

tradition we believe that God is that

which is unlike anything in fact Joe as

Whitlock I show you how the law is

magette to call God a thing is only

magette it's it's because out of edit we

can't say he's no thing but he's not a

thing God is not a thing because the

word in Arabic poor thing is shape which

means willed into existence a shaitan

right the shay already is is in the


so all these things that allah have

created they're already embedded in our

language is a metaphysic of creation but

we call God a thing out of Edom to say

that he's not no thing but there is no

thing like him they said committed he


there is no shape like God but at Buhari

has a chapter called the permissibility

of saying using thing to talk about God

so this is the God that we worship the

the unknowable God but he has revealed

himself to us through language and that

language is problematic because language


creates ambiguities it's not like

mathematics which is the language of

numbers it's the language of ideas and

concepts and and you can't pin them down

the more you pin down a concept the more

elusive it becomes and so allah is

ar-rahman ar-rahim but any number over

infinity has cancelled out so anything

you can think about God's mercy is

cancelled out but he's given us mercy in

the world to let us know something about

his mercy it's an approximation it's

tuck ribbon money it's to approximate

these meanings to our consciousness so

had it not been then they all these

religious places would be destroyed so

this permissibility for fighting which

came in sort of thought Hajj was in

defense of religious institutions so the

jihad right Athena in Ladino parted una

be on whom woolum oh these people have

been given permission to defend

themselves because they were oppressed

for their religion so the actual enla

you know the the legal rationale for

jihad initially was purely religious

persecution and obviously it extends to

any forms of oppression and so if you

look at the fatima kiya it's a period of

religious persecution so the prophet of

all people knew firsthand what it was

like to be persecuted for your religion

he tasted the pain of that reality and

and what's interesting and intriguing

about the the pagans in mecca is they

were worried about the economic impact

that monotheism would have on their

trade and commerce like they never

thought that people one day would come

from Indonesia or from California to go

to Mecca in those days it was just the

Arab tribes that were going but they

thought these tribes are coming because

they've got idols in the Kaaba if he if

he gets his way all these idols are

going to be destroyed who's going to


the Jews and the Christians aren't going

to come they have Jerusalem so we're

going to be stuck here without any

revenue and that was the mentality of

these people because they really didn't

have a problem with adding another God

but if you said only one God and let ela

ha there's no other God in the law that

troubled them and so the provençal isin

em during this persecution they first

went to the Najah she and one of the

things that I think Muslims forget is

that we have three Sunan from our

prophet the sunnah of powerlessness

which is the sunnah of mecca and this

son is not abrogated but the muslims act

as if it's been abrogated if you say

that it's abrogated that means his 13

years in mecca have no real meaning like

all that suffering he went through all

that patience sabudana ali acid in the

more ethical agenda all those things

don't really have any any meaning to us

anymore they're just a historical fact

so that Sunnah is it just has no meaning

to us that's basically what people are

saying when they say that the Meccan

period is over

Mecca period is never over if the

conditions in which the Meccan period

occurred returned then the same Sunnah

of Mecca returns and that's that even if

Antonia said that so the second Sunnah

is the Sunnah of because remember Sunnah

is his applaud his off I'll and his Iker

are odd you know it's what he deems

correct so the next one is how to live

in a non-muslim society that's not

persecuting you and that's the son of

ethiopia of Habashi they were allowed to

practice their faith and and and the

lesson is the sunnah of when you have

sovereignty when god has empowered you


and figuratively because all piled up

worth a lab is that when God puts you in

a position in which you're representing

his power because all power is God's so

in that type of situation how do you

behave and again the magnanimity that he

showed so that then he made his Hedorah

to Medina after 13 years of persecution

he makes this he general he attempted

you to go he was thinking about going to

Hajj up in Eastern Arabia he went to

different tribes asking them if they

would take him he was kind of Yahoo will

know about it he used to go and ask for

tribal protection none of them helped


and finally the house and the huzzah Raj

who were in a town called Yathrib and

these were two Yemeni tribes or Kalani

the Yemenis are divided into Hemi Aries

and Kalani's they were Kalani Yemenites

who left after the the famous dam broke

and many of the Yemenites went to syria

and different places they went to to

medina yesterday at the time and the

house and the Hazara zarba know allah

they were from the same ancestor so

they're actually one family but like the

Hatfields and the McCoys family's feud

and so they began to feud and and they

had allies from amongst the Jews so the

else had their allies in the huzzah Raj

had their allies and right before the

Prophet came they had a war called how

to bhagwath in which they fought each

other and and Pereda was involved and

Alberta was involved so the Jews used to

tell them you know there's a prophet

coming that's why we're here he's coming

to this city when he comes he's going to

get rid of all your idols and and they

used to hear this and one of the

intriguing aspects of the Arab in Medina

is that if

had a really sick child they would swear

an oath to God because they believed in

our laws the Supreme God it would swear

an oath that they'll raise it a Jew if

it lives and so there were there were

actually several Jewish Arab children in

Medina and that acara javi Dean was

revealed because some of them wanted to

force their children to be Muslim even

though they were Arabs who had raised

them as Jews because they had very high

regard for the Jews because they were

people of the book and they used to ask

them for things even though they didn't

convert to Judaism they would ask them

and so the the Piranha was revealed that

you can't compel them to convert to

Islam they they leave them in their

Judaism unless they want to convert to

Islam that's one of the as Bob that's

mentioned so there the the Jews in


there were probably I mean these

estimates are hard but there were

probably around thirty thousand there

were more Jews and there were Arabs in

Medina and and the Jews had primarily

they were agriculturalists and they and

they controlled the soup and the no pay

no pot in particular had control over

the marketplace and so the Arab Jews and

the Jews who were farmers used to bring

their crops to the bend or pay no pot

and then they would they would buy them

and sell them in the marketplace to

Arabs that would come and then they were

also Goldsmith's and and money lenders

so these were the occupations so when

the first thing that the Prophet did was

he asked about the soup and they said

it's been your pay no class and he said

the Muslims should have their own soup

right so this is his economic foresight

and so he actually has set up a separate

market which obviously would have

angered Ben okay no Pat because they

would have seen that as breaking their

monopoly but that's what he did and his

soup was very interesting because it was

more like what we would call today a

flea market he did not allow anybody to

own a stall it was first-come

first-serve so you couldn't get like the

best play

and it was if you got there the earliest

you got the best place and so it was a

very egalitarian marketplace and so the

first thing he did was he built a soup

and he built the Masjid those were the

first two axud he did his first hota

which i will have been sanam the Jewish

rabbi heard he got everybody together in

Medina said yahan ass up shoo saddam

spread peace well up i am open and and

and feed food feed food well salud while

cielo are ham and maintain your kinship

bonds and that remember that's a deep

statement in relation to alison has

garage as well as the jews that were at

war with each other

maintain your kinship bonds don't fight

you're all related to each other

maintain those bonds well soluble a

Leigh Whannell Sunni young that's Hotel

generative is Salam and pray at some

portion of the night when people are

sleeping and you'll enter into paradise

with peace so it begins with peace and

it ends with peace as his first Hopa

begins with peace and it ends with peace

so in Medina he establishes the Masjid

and he in the marketplace and been open

open even though it entered into an

agreement begin to have talks with the

flourish and so this is the beginning of

the breakdown of of the sofa they have

and and they give them basically aid at

Badr and so they are expelled to he

allows them to take all of their wealth

and they went to to Hiva but it's

important to note at this time the

Prophet is very weak there's probably

less than 2,000 men that he has the Jews

were more powerful than he was and the

men okay nope I was expecting for a the

end of the earth to come to his aid and

they didn't which indicates that they

recognized that what they did was

breaking the treaty and the Jew many of

the Jews were very upright they were

they're honest people and they were

people of their word and the Prophet

mentioned that about especially mo Haiti

and others for afar and we know the

Arabs have a saying o famine Samoan more

trustworthy than Samoan more trustworthy

and Samuel who was the famous Jew that

would not give up the armor of

immigrants who left it as a trust with

him and actually lost his child because

of that and he's the famous poet jihad a

poet as well so these are the tribes the

Yehuda Ben Israel Benoit Marvin Jose de

Bono Duchamp been on a job bono Avenue

that inaba-san ABBA Majed it was from

that Abba in Philippi own this is a

Jewish tribe so Muslims only know the

the try and that should be sure play

about with a par Muslims only know the

the you know the three tribes but these

are all all Jews mentioned in the sofa

so there were many Jews in Medinah that

did not break their trust and you can

see the dominant tries Benny for a law

that should be a law not a ball and that

Bennett a nor back then in a beer and

and and then there was a this is later

right there were Medina was actually

protected by these lava tracks and

anybody who's ever seen the lava tracks

you cannot it's almost impossible to

walk on them they're they're quite

dangerous because they're very sharp you

can't take animals across and that's why

the trench was such a useful way of

protecting Medina because it Medina was

literally surrounded by in fact in

Arabic is called lava with a bow you

know it's like this Israeli lady

recently said you know Palestine doesn't

exist because the Arabs don't have a P

in their language

so they're not the V either they say so

lava is actually lava is the Arabic word

ball is fine so buffoon has a bead so

that'll work

so this is a very important event Imam

Shafi said l'm adam mo hadith and

Minetta in me the SIA and Norris ooh la

la la la anyway said I'm lemon Asura Ben

Medina T Radha and yahuda calf at and a

lady Jie Jie I know of no one from

amongst the people of prophetic

biography that differ that the Prophet

SAW lady sinem when he came to Medina he

entered into an alliance with all of the

Jews without jizya now at hazard or hood

beneath Alaba refused to go out because

they said it was sipped and the only one

that went out was mo Hajduk there were

two jews that fought at a hood and

mahalia was killed

mahalia there's a he laughs about

whether he became Muslim or not even his

Hawk says Aminah well I'm useless for

other valid ilayhi ill foodini

he believed in Allah but he didn't

become Muslim because he was just too

accustomed to his own religion but he he

told the Jews we made a promise to

defend the Prophet we should do it he

went out he fought he was actually

martyred and he left all of his property

with the Jews to give to the Prophet and

the first endowment in Islam came from

the wealth of Mahadev according to one

tradition and the Prophet said about him

o Haiti hyrulean he's the best of the

Jews and then you

graduated as absent a fifth year the the

Jews of high bar and high bar was a it's

right I think 60 kilometers from from

Medina around their high bar was an

agricultural Oasis where the Jews lived

and they worked and they had a lot of

date orchards there and they had they

they weren't United they had several

open and the open are these se hace

they're called in Iran these these

fortresses and bene no beer the

leadership of been out there who yebin

of Bob Keane Ana Nabi ribbon Michael

Pape they were in high bar stirring up

and convincing them that we need to get

the allied with the chorus with Fasano

with Papa fan and these Arab tribes in

the area of any flame and just deal with

this once and for all

so they actually amassed an alliance of

about 10,000 and they and and this is

what rasa in the fifth year and so they

march on Medina this really isn't a

battle it's a skirmish because they

never fight about ten people died all

together despite the fact they were

there for you know almost a month and

they begin to aim begins to sow

dissension amongst them but during that

time the the nobility leadership goes to

Benny Paraiba the leadership of any poor

Eva and initially the leadership of

being a parade that doesn't want to have

anything to do with it they actually

help dig the trench they didn't want to

be involved in treachery but they were

convinced by a even a knock pop that

we've got 10,000 people this is it they

the Muslims at the time only

three thousand men that's all and they

were not well armed and so they really

thought they could take care of it and

he could he was very convincing he was a

very powerful leader and he convinced

Cobb but I said a what ID to ally with

them and so this is the treasonous event

that occurs during the Battle of during

the skirmish of alasa and they really

wanted to annihilate the Muslims so this

was kind of a genocide 'el attempt at

ridding the peninsula of the Muslims and

so the Quraish leave about the fan

leaves all of the Arab tribes leave and

they're left with Benny parada are in

there open a handful of them actually

went out to fight now what happens after

that is very murky to me I've read

several accounts of it I went through

all the serie literature on it I read

for a comedy book I read kiss stars work

the Israeli historian which is a very

pretty serious piece of scholarship

arguing against Barca atmos book but I'm

still convinced that it's grossly

exaggerated the numbers and there's

nothing sound on that the only thing in

a body that started in more had said

that the mulatto should be killed and

that Eddie when lisa and surat al-ahzab

clearly says very contractor una FATA

what's your own effect I mean the Quran

is very clear that some people were

killed and some were taken captive that

did occur it's undeniable but the

numbers and if you look at the the event

it just doesn't smack it doesn't sound

all the prisoners were kept in the house

admit that hadith I asked a father who

knows all the houses of Medina inside

out because they were all very well very

well studied and I asked them how many

people could be held in a house like

that he said it's a small house maybe 10

and if you read also the idea of digging

a ditch in the middle of the marketplace

of Medina it just doesn't make sense

there's several things in that narrative

that I find really really problematic

but anyway it's there and I think I

don't think any numbers should be

mentioned because we just don't know and

Imam addict did not accept it miss hawk

as a Mahad myth he was not a mod he was

just student of Zoey

they actually chased him out of Medina

he's he's the source he did an

incredible service to his ammonite then

that goes undiminished but he was not a

solid source in hadith and the rigor of

mattock in particular is is

well-established Malik did not like to

use anything that smacked of a weakness

and so you know the numbers are

definitely problematic but what happens

then is that the Prophet goes and he

makes a salud idea and what's really

intriguing about this event is they go

to make Amara but they're not allowed to

make their own bra and they meet that

hudaibiya and and the the Quraish send

out a waft earth man goes in to speak

with them they send out a WA and they

have a they're going to debate about

what's going to happen so they they come

to some agreements but all of the points

the Prophet compromises literally every

single point

he's just compromised even muhammad

rasool allah they said we don't accept

that and he told the ally to erase it

and Adi said I can't do it that's the

the Sophia called that Maharaja to Dubya

it's like a

disobeying the Prophet out of a depth of

the Prophet like he just said I can't

erase it and so the Prophet said show me

where it is and he pointed to it and the

Prophet himself erased Rasool Allah and

just said this a agreement between

Muhammad and Abdullah and the Potters

because the core I said we don't accept

that so you said not a problem

get rid of it every single point the the

Sahaba were so distraught at this and

they said everybody wavered except elbow

buckle even OMA even a ha ha

he went to Abu Bakr and he said Ali

sorrow Salman

isn't he the Messenger of God what are

we doing why are we cut they all had

their weapons they were ready to fight

why are we compromising like this

Abu Bakr he grabbed him he said you know

he reminded him and just shook him to

his core the prophets eyes and went in

he asked him Sodom Oh what he should do

she said look cut your hair go out and

sacrifice just give them some sense of

closure on their pilgrimage so he did

that and then they saw that and they did

that and they felt better on the way

back enough attack netic of the ravine

that's what's revealed like this is a

big opening what's the opening

compromise in every situation the

opening was peace this is the first time

in the history of his message where he's

actually got peace because the Jews now

he goes to haibach and and he defeats

them at high bar and enters into a

treaty with them they promised that as

ab half the date harvest so he entered

into a treaty that they would take half

the date harvest or they could leave and

go to syria they choose they decided to

choose to stay so they entered into a

contract with them that there would be a

non-belligerent treaty treaty of

non-belligerent this the first time the

prophet has peace from here on from the

sixth year on all you see is people

becoming Muslim Zoe said that man Fuji -

Islam fatone Alberta who cannot out of

AMA men who know fact before this was

greater than this fact this is an

opening that was a peaceful opening

there was no fighting and it's called a

victory it was a non-violent victory and

this was the greatest

victory ii to the the opening of Mecca

which was also a non-violent victory so

the two greatest victories of the

Prophet were victories of non-violence

in the mechanical potato - s people

would fight every time they met phonemic

Eretz in whose honor when they finally

had peace what would be a third power

and they stopped fighting what a

Menendez ba-ba-boom ba-ba and people

felt safe from one another well tackle

Fatah Fowler though they meet and then