Rihla 2013: Introduction to Logic

Transcript Details

Event Name: Rihla 2013: Introduction to Logic
Description: Introduction to Logic - Shaykh Hamza Yusuf 14 Episodes Based on the “Isagoge” of Imam Athir al-Din al-Abhari, this course will introduce students to the science of logic, a prerequisite before serious study of any of the other sciences. In this course students will be introduced to terms, concepts, the five predicables, definitions, propositions, opposition, conversion, syllogisms, and other basic aspects of correct thinking.
Transcription Date:Transcription Modified Date: 4/4/2019
Transcript Version: 1
Original Reference URL: Youtube Video

Transcript Text

eautiful aqua line

beak and the Prophet SAW I said I'm had

a beautiful

forehead and he had very strong he had

broad shoulders is very strong and he

had beautiful he had a very small light

hair that went down and but he wasn't

hairy at all he was his body was very

his skin was did he did not have a lot

of body hair but he had very slight

hair on his on his chest that went down

to his navel very strong legs he had

strong hands he walked in a very

distinct way those are all qualities

that if you studied them you it actually

makes you want to see him you want I

want to see that I want to experience

that and then they described how he

spoke and the mellifluous nature of his

speech it was when people listened to

him they were enraptured and when he

spoke it was like birds perched on their

heads Coliseum FAO it was as if there

were birds perched on their heads they

were just so intent to hear what he had

to say but the reason that they

described that is because that's one of

the reasons that you love a person for

physical beauty and then you love them

also for their character and that's

another reason but the main reason that

people love is because of sin when

people do good to you and that's why I

lost behind with Diana

he's the moissan I mean he's constantly

doing good to us and that should

engender love in you and so love has

reasons there are reasons why we love

it's a rational thing as well and so

anyway this Turkish logician taught this

this man logic which is basically three

things it's it's it's understanding is

the first operation of the mind basic

understanding what they call a what they

call a a solar savage it's a simple

apprehension just understanding

something what it is glass of water and

then the second act of the mind is is

judgment custody or the proposition

making a statement either negating or

asserting something about something so

it needs a subject that a predicate the

mold or and the Mamun and then the last

operation of the mind is PS or reasoning

going from what's known to what's

unknown men and monomi in an image fool

and so he taught him these things and

then he said

I want you to go into the marketplace

spend the day in the marketplace and

come back so he went spent the day in

the mark he finished his cuz he's gonna

give me Jazza and month up right so he

went to the marketplace spent the day in

the marketplace he came back he said how

was your day

said I did what you told me I was in the

marketplace all day he said did you

notice anything said no he said you're

not ready so we need to do this again so

they studied logic second course did it

all understanding judgment reasoning

finished his course so he said to him I

want you to go and spend the day in the

marketplace okay here he goes spends the

day in the marketplace comes back he

said how was your day in the marketplace

all day just like you told me nothing he

said we have to do this again did the

course in logic again went through the

three operations of the mind when he

finished it he said listen I want you to

go the marketplace spend the day in the

marketplace come back he goes spends the

day in the marketplace comes back he

said how was your day he said oh my god

I couldn't believe it they're all

practicing logic cuz that's what that's

what it is the whole world is people

reasoning making understanding basic

things asserting things or negating

things and then making arguments that's

what's going on everywhere you look

that's what's going on come in there's a

discount today all right there's a

discount today so what's going on in the

mind Oh

if I buy today I'm gonna save money

therefore I should buy today right it's

logic the whole thing is predicated on

reasoning and that's what the student

finally got that it

happening all around you and that's one

of the really interesting things about

studying logic is that you begin to

refine that process and are better able

to understand what's being said to you

and better able to communicate what you

want to say to others so I just want to

show you this is the book by CDI module

called co-editor solve and I'm gonna

read to collide and talk about them

quickly and then we're done

the first guy that he says at Kurama

fish a feral tesora mejia t he was Aida

Tuhoe mafia that he be sure and any and

mocked a seaman or battalion

lyosha aleyhi via ferrata Mahakali

rotten wat abullah siren watashi de

Falla symmetry mode Erica and unholy

fihi lemon be he with a hobby then

alayhi wa ma and he met that he value of

him so he says that clam before we can

talk about it

thing in other words before we can do

make judgments about things we have to

understand what the nature of that thing



so I'll hook moron - am fahren Antasari

this is a Qaeda before you can make a

judgement about a thing you have to

grasp what that

thing is so this is what he's saying

he's saying that akadama fish a 402 so

woody Mejia te it is a branch of

comprehending it's s

since well fati dead t he and and

comprehending what its benefit is be

sure Auden the nyan so this occurs in

the mind


tessa been OBD Heon it either occurs

discursively through reflection through

being taught or it's intuitive you just

grasp it immediately so you have

immediate knowledge and then you have

mediated knowledge so immediate

knowledge is - is greater

than one nobody needs to teach you that

a child will understand that but that

one that 2.5 percent in Socata is 140th

that's market Esav that you have to

understand because you need to

understand what fractions are you need

to understand what decimals are and you

need to understand the relationship

between the two so that's a different

type so those are the two types so he's

saying that before we can speak about

something we have to grasp what its

essence is and what his benefit is

through this mentation through this

mental ratiocination would be a big word

for it in the West and then he says in


lyosha via ferrata Mahakali these are

all logical concepts so this is called

extension in logic so the a fraud that

this is all those things that it extends

to because you have what's called

comprehension and extension

all right the comprehension is is the

the tussle water or the understanding of

it what it is and then the lima sadoc

and then the the Limassol dock is what

it applies to

right what would it would it apply so

all the things that it applies to an and

B with the Hobley then an e so in order

for you to for it to be understood

through it and also the encouragement to

know its fatty dad to know its benefit

will encourage you to study it what a

manly mad daddy he

and to to be able to articulate its

subject matter and so you should

understand this so here's the beginning

of a book on to solve which is all based

on month up like you cannot understand

this if you haven't studied month up

so here's a this is our tradition if you

read tafseer if you read

peda if you read any of the major

sciences of Islam especially also

landfill you will find that they're all

relying on the the readers understanding

of these most thought a hat and not just

these but several other sciences

especially when you get into the later

scholastic tradition by the time you get

to somebody like an imam

about jewelry he's he's got Binaca going

he's got mom Tucker going he's got

grammar going he's got what that going

it's it's

monster hunter hadith tafseer Osuna

happy de felt suffer hikmah all of these


as well-versed in and this is how he's

teaching so then he says mariya to share

happy cut to who

the essence of something is its reality

the essence of a thing is its reality to

understand the essence is to understand

the reality right well how can you cut

two who madhulata Leahy Joomla Tahoe and

its reality is what it it's some

summarily means what it means by

summation what it can be summed up into

with charity for that it could be had

and the definition of that is through a

head which is a term in Latin terminus

means the end of something so a term is

is the end of something in Arabic had is

the end of something had douche a part

of a whole our hero

so the the had is the end of something

and so this is Watchmen that's that is

the most comprehensive is a definition

but then you have what's called a rossum

which in Western logic is called a

descriptions so something and and when

we get into I'm just giving you this is

just a you know it's like at the

restaurant when they give you a sample

so don't we're gonna go into this in

detail over the course of the next

couple of weeks inshallah so don't worry

about not getting any of this right now

when when you get a hand or Rustom you

need to know what are called the five

predicate predicate bulls which are the

L father Kamsa right so you have gins

the genus you have the north the species

you have the hosta the diferencia and

then you have the the the the outer

which is like the its you have the

propria is the and then you have the

fossil sorry the fossil which is the

differentiate the hasta which is the

probiem or the property and they have

the arab and some call the those two

types of accidents the adult eliza moon

and then I don't own out of them so

those five things are going to enable

you to give the head the definition or

the description the HUD is is

is the genus and the difference so the

genus is what you can say about a lot of

things the hafsa is what's specific to

that one thing so with a human being

what's our definition traditionally in

in in logic what do they call the human

being what's that

Hyeon not the Conan which in Arabic

means the speaking animal but they

really mean the rational animal in the

West we call it a rational animal so our

genus is rational this is different from

biology because you know they talk about

genus and species so yeah those are

biological terms this is logical terms

there are two different Sciences so

don't get them confused

the GE I mean they're they're related

but they're used very specifically in

these Sciences for different for things

that they mean in that science so that

the the genus is the general and then

the the fossil is the difference so with

the human being we're an animal but many

types of animals so what makes us unique

what's the Fussel what differentiates us

from other animals rationality this is

the definition so this is a logical

definition everything can be defined in

this way and this is the foundation of

defining things because when we speak in

language we want to know what a solid

fit is right what is also load v very

often it's in the thing itself all

Siouxland fit if you understand those

two words then you'll understand what

the definition of all Sunan fit is and

these are called tatty feds right so

this is this is how this works and so he

says well what old ah the the rasam the

description is clear oh tafseer or it

can explain something or tembu leave a

knee or sorta a famiiy and it helps you

understand it quickly

well put the sole see now all of this

was to introduce the definition of

tussle wolf

all of this so he's giving you now he's

told you before we can talk about

something we have to define it

what's its definition it's it's reality

what is the reality of Tessa Wolfe

well the tasawwuf Oh

LaRue Seema well for Serie B will do him

Tessa wolf has been defined it's been

described and it's been explained in

many many different ways tab local now

ll feign it will reach up to about 2000

different definitions merger aku Neha is

sitteth ilaha illa-llah Tana all of

those definitions go back to one

fundamental meaning sincerity in your

God directedness it's sincerity in your

inner direction towards your Lord that's

the definition what in the mahir will do

and fie he will honor so what does that

mean what it means is the genus of Toso

wolf is if loss that's the genus it's

sincerity but the difference because you

can be sincere as a doctor you're

sincere like you say he's a very sincere

doctor just means he doesn't cheat you

he's doing what should be done right so

that's the genus sincerity applies to

many many different things he's a

sincere student he's a sincere son we

can apply that to me but what is the


what's the Fussell it's sincerity in

your directedness towards God in those

things that apply

to your Lord so you are sincere in your

ebody you're sincere in your more I'm

glad for the sake of Allah subhana WA

Ta'ala that's that's all and that's why

you can be a Sufi and and and be like

have nothing to do with that word

there's people in in places that they

might even not even like to solve then

what I mean they do with it but they

have sits back toward you to a loss of a

note down and in that way they have to

solve so the name is just a name what's

the reality of the name if you're stuck

on the name you're a nominalist the name

is just a name whether you call it a

soul Fortis kia ora floss or Mahara

Pajaro to nufs right whatever you call

it it doesn't matter those are names the

Muslims for centuries called it - so

wolf there's no reason to abandon that

name really there's no reason there's

people that have tried to get rid of it

but there's no reason to abandon it once

you clarify what it is and the early the

earliest Sufis Imam al Junaid said no

one can speak about this matter that

hasn't mastered the book and the Sunna

that's what Imam Junaid said a moment to

study said I hear things about this

matter but I always go to to just

witnesses to hear their testimony the

book and the Sunna and this is why

Caesar Rock says the Sufi has to submit

to the FUP II and the doesn't

have to submit to the Sufi if you're

tasawwuf is not in accord and not some

narrow-minded provincial Fuffy who only

has one way of doing thing no to the

broad based interpretive tradition of

the folk aha which includes the

methodology of the great Imams of this

Ummah so there's Imams that say that you

can do the Mawlid and that's the

majority of the laters

there's really moms that say no don't do

that that's fine it's a real F issue if

you don't want to do it that's fine but

if you do do it it has to be free of

things that are moon cut out but to say

it in and of itself is a moon car no

because higher to my yoga Rehema crew

arrived to my yoga the worse that can be

said about it is that it's macro

according to the Aruna map but to say

that it's prohibited or something like

that and that's an extreme position that

very few scholars ever took so anyway

that that's my introduction so in

childhood tomorrow I'm going to start

with the Tenma body which our foundation

on our tradition what are called the my

body and I shot in the could in the my

body could defendant Azshara and had the

one more daughter in math Amara father

who nice for tomorrow are there or

dismissed and dad or hookman sharing

massage in mobile doable Bartok tefa

moment Daryl Jimmy has a share of a Imam

of Seban one of the great 18th century

scholars versified the Tenma body in

that it's in your book and then I

versified it for you in English if you

want to memorize it in English so those

are the 10 my body I'm gonna do those

tomorrow and shawl and that's usually

that was the introduction to any Islamic

science always began with this it begins

from an early period they started doing

this and the reason for it was to give

the student a comprehensive view of the

subject before you went into it it's

like seeing the force before the trees

which helps just to see the whole thing

before you go in and say okay that's a

oak and that's the elm tree and that's

an acacia tree and just to understand

what a forest is and so the subject is

is part of that and the name and it's

sources where it comes from it's also

its ranking one of the things that we

fail to do now in in Western education

we don't rank knowledge anymore so

nobody knows what's more important I

mean if you go if you look at the if you

go to any college most of you have been

to college some of you are in college

some of you are gonna be going to

college next year or something if you go

to college they have these catalogs they

begin with astronomy and they end with


this is A to Z there's no ranking they

don't tell you what you should take

what's important this is more important

than the other Muslims always rank their

sciences it's called the father who or

October two who shot off a whole what's

the virtue of the science and the shot

off is metallic but mold war it's what

it what a subject matter so if the

subject matter is God it's a very high

science if the subject matters dunya

it's the lower science if the subject

matter is language it's a very high

science because it's a it's a tool to

understand God so these are the rankings

hierarchical nature of science because

we believe in Marathi Marathi better

unum there are degrees of knowledge

Marathi Buju there are degrees of

existence we have four levels of


you know there's degrees in our

tradition of existence then you have

metaphysical you have other realms as

well the morgue the medical the java

route so anyway questions answers


any questions I've been teaching for

about 10 years and obviously before that

I was a student and I'm worried that

modern education has deconstructed our

reasoning skills and will if if it has

in your opinion do you think I'll need

13 years to reconstruct them all so yeah

I mean you know the modern world is it's

in a mess I think all of us are pretty

aware of that and that's not to say that

the pre-modern will wasn't either in

some ways there's a lot of good and and

in some ways this is one of the better

times that people have been living so

I'm not completely dismissive of the

modern world but there are there are

things about the educational system in

the past that were very problematic and

but there are things with the modern

system of Education that are also very

problematic there are still places where

you can get a reasonably good education

I would say but in terms of those basic

fundamental skills that are very

important to grasp and should really be

learned at a relatively early age in the

West they were grammar and logic and

rhetoric and then also the skills of

numbers so these are the two types of

literacy what we call literacy with

language and then numeracy or literacy

with numbers and these are the two ways

that human beings think we think

qualitatively which is linked

linguistically through language and then

we think think quantitatively through

number so and when we get into the

categories which are part of the

tradition of logic there are ten

categories and after substance you know

the two categories that immediately

follow that are quantity and quality

come and cave in Arabic and so we

there's a book by a French philosopher

the turn of the century that was written

the reign of quantity and a lot of

people noticed this about the modern

world that it was a world of quantity

and quality was being taken out of the

world not completely and not entirely

but quality is much less important to

the people today than it ever has been

the idea of mastery is is we have

mastery in a few things I think in music

there's still a commitment to mastery in

certain sports there's a commitment to

high levels of mastery but the idea of

mastering the mind the idea mastering

the soul the idea of mastering Arts and

Crafts becoming great craftsmen becoming

really masters of these things it's very

very unusual in the modern world to meet

people that are really committed to

mastery of anything and obviously the

highest thing is to master yourself and

that is very difficult I'm in Zurich

said it's easier to move a mountain with

your fingernails than it is to actually

transform your nature so it's but it is

possible an imam al-ghazali argued that

anybody who claims that you cannot

change nature is a liar and he said you

can you can take a dog and train a dog

and he's saying what you can't you can't

take a human being that has rational

nature and not transform it you can take

a dog that has you know all over the

place and teach it to do very relatively

sophisticated tricks and teach it to sit

and what you can't discipline the self

you can a dog you can discipline but

your own self you can't teach it to stop

don't do that it's not good for you you

know this is incontinence which is a

beautiful word in in in in the 19th

century in America and there was a moral

term it wasn't a medical term

and and countenance is is the idea of

restraint self-restraint incontinence is

a crazier or the lack of self-restraint

now it's been reduced to incontinent to

stool and urine this is this what's been

reduced to people that can't control

their most basic bodily functions are

called incontinent but in reality you

should be able to control your your

nature and and this takes time it takes

practice and it takes skill but the

modern world wants to strip that away so

certainly learning these skills are very

important in in the in the modern world

logic has been reduced to what's called

material logic and we'll get into that

in the third lecture we'll get into

material logic you have formal logic a

material logic material logic one aspect

of material logic is called the

fallacies which are called the sub sabha

or the Mahalo pot the Mohana thoughts

are fallacies of reasoning so the

content of your logic and and we were

very susceptible to them but politicians

are used them all the time and we're

very susceptible because the mind is

susceptible to hasty generalizations I'm

gonna give you an example if you look on

if you watched CNN before coming to

Turkey you probably would have canceled

your trip because they made it appear

that this whole country was in

revolution and when you got here in

Istanbul you're there and it's it's very

peaceful and it's so ludicrous for

people in New York don't go to Turkey

you know it's a dangerous place you know

they're all they've gone crazy you know

meanwhile there's people getting mugged

all over the place in Central Park right

I mean this is so much safe earth and

New York and but you know people are

afraid to come to Turkey because they

watch the news and the news is

constantly using fallacies and sometimes

it's just pure deceit but you know I

mean it they said for instance how many

people heard that they were gonna tear

down all the trees to build a mall how

many people heard that okay now look at

that that was a complete lie they

weren't going to tear down that they

were actually gonna remove some trees

around the edge of the park to restore

the fort that had been torn down

it was an ottoman military base and they

were gonna make a museum they were

building a mall right so it was this

kind of oh this massive you know this

insane liberal capitalism gone mad

turkeys on steroids they're gonna turn

everything into malls

no they were gonna preserve the trees

make a museum and the so-called mall was

actually cafes around the area for

people to enjoy the place but it's a

very very secular part of Istanbul and

some of the people there the majority of

pubs in Istanbul are in that area and

because they put a 10:00 p.m.

limit on sale of alcohol which is the

case in many states in America right

they have these laws and you have many

many cities in the United States where

you can't sell alcohol after so and then

you have dry days it wasn't that long

ago before we had dry States right so

this whole idea that you know oh that no

you can't do that if if they see fit to

if they if they're having problems with

with disorderly contact because of the

sale of alcohol then that's part of what

public order is you have to succumb to

the public order but if you looked at it

you know these these were these are

tactics people can't think clearly

anymore they showed a picture of a

million and a half people and CNN said

oh this was a protest again

the president no is actually a protest

for the president a demonstration for

the president and then CNN retracted

that a little later instead of whoops we

made a mistake that was actually a pro

presidential you know so the people

opposed to were a few hundred people

that they gave nine hours of

unprecedented live coverage on CNN

International I mean where were they

when Iceland was in a rebellion against

the the the Parliament because the banks

they weren't going to pay the banks

where were they how many people got to

see all the Greek rebellions and the

abuse that the Greek protesters took

from I mean you know you need the tools

of thinking in the modern world because

you're up against a massive propaganda

machine and it's it's a propaganda

machine that is is not so much a

conspiracy but it's just they all think

the same way they look at things the

same way and so Turkey because turkey is

a country that has a very very troubling

history for the West Turkey was once the

center of one of the most powerful

dynasties in human history and had an

empire that was unprecedented and lasted

for a very long time

and there are people that there there's

a little bit of schizophrenia in the

country they were deeply traumatized

I mean imagine imagine in United States

or in Canada

imagine Obama announces we have decided

that starting tomorrow all of English

will be written in the pinyin Chinese

script because we realize that China is

a rising power and we want to prepare

our young people early so that they'll

be able to read Chinese

so tomorrow all the textbooks are going

to be published in Chinese script it's

still English don't worry you're not

gonna be saying new-home ah you'll still

say how are you but it's gonna be


the Chinese write their script I mean

imagine the trauma that that would cause

in a nation and that's what was done


they went from there Arabic ottoman

script to Latin based script overnight

and then imagine the trauma to the Kurds

of prohibiting them from speaking their

language this is what happened to the

Native Americans they were prohibited to

speak their native languages in the

United States yes prohibited to speak

their native languages on the

reservations right imagine that and here

for the first time now they've they're

they're allowing them to teach their

language to teach this is what they've

done so this so-called fascist Turkish

government that's being presented to

Western people is is removing a lot of

the the darkness that had descended upon

the people from before but people are

very worried you know there's people

that are secular and they think oh these

are the Muslims taking over well they're

Muslim people but they're committed to a

secular state right and and and the idea

that Islam and secularity are mutually

exclusive is false because the vast

majority of Islamic history had

relatively secular states they they

weren't really Islamic states that the

whole concept of an Islamic state is a

fantasy in in the in the minds of a lot

of the modern Islamists but if you

actually study Muslim history that you

will find yes Islam was the state

religion but the states functioned just

like a secular state functions because

religion actually has very little to do

with the running of a state building

roads has nothing to do with what men

have you follow you know that's a Hanafy

road no that's a meth head right the

meth habit means road in Arabic but meth

head is a school is a metaphor taken

from the real meth head which is a road

you know a road is you can build it from

stone you can build it from asphalt you

can build it

concrete and that's just what you want

is honesty you want vetting you want

transparency those are secular ideals as

well right

a post office is not an Islamic concept

right the you don't need we need Islamic

stamps yeah you can have put okay put

the head of like Muslims behead lay like

a lot on their coins okay in America

they have kind of laid I had a lot to

work in out of law that's that's okay

I'm America's a secular state it still

has TOEIC in out of law right so that's

okay you can have in god we trust' it

smells you can be secular and still

trust in God it's okay municipalities

are not you know the the water doesn't I

need a henna fee you know they called

henna fiha in Arabic I need a Hennessy

anivia this is a monarchy henna via no

you don't need you just need a henna

fear you just need a water right tap

that works and that's municipalities and

all you want is some honest guy in there

if he's a secularist who's honest fine

if he's a Muslim who's honest fine as

long as the water gets there it's been

purified it's not gonna make you sick

right seriously think about it the vast

majority of government just does not

relate to religion it just relates to

common decency and that's why you can

live in I mean if Muslims were were

literally taken from like eighth century

Syria or Palestine and dropped into

Norway they would think that you know it

was like the caliphate of omar bin abdul

aziz like there's so much social justice

they would be amazed at how much social

justice are in these scandinavian

countries their secular countries so

this whole idea which in manoa you have

to have had punishment you know this is

what so islam is reduced to there's four

agreed upon had punishments 13 there's


about you no sir even apostasy laws all

these things they're all debated

there's nothing fixed in stone and then

the the prophets lies centum he said it

throne who did mr. Patton avoid

implementing penal punishments as much

as you're able to maybe no we want let's

get these hands cut off you know I mean

if you had if you want some added had

punishment for theft you you couldn't

shake hands anymore you wouldn't be able

to shake hands everybody'd be like you

know nice to meet you

from from the from the president all the

way down to the street sweeper so you

know anyway that's a very long question

so would you recommend a book for

beginners to read on logic well that's

what we're doing it's a beginning book

on logic a Mary and Joseph book is very

good for and and it helps if English is

your first language it definitely helps

to study logic in in English before you

do it in Arabic my own personal

experience I read it in Arabic it was

very difficult for me initially and

after I studied in English I studied it

several years ago using Aristotle's tax

with my father and and after that it

when I went back to the Arabic it was

just very much easier to do so and

there's there's good but it's important

to note that this is traditional logic

it's not symbolic logic which is very

different symbolic logic is a type of

mathematical logic that it's useful for

certain things but for reasoning in

terms of language it's not very it's not

useful at all because of certain

problems that it has

so alhamdulillah subhana Columbia new

calendar in Atlanta southward to Hui

Lake I just want to also for the people

that are online just welcome you for

being part of this and everybody we I

really hope in shallow you have a

wonderful experience your time in Turkey

there they've been incredibly hospitable

it's a beautiful people they're good

people and there are all types of people

there's and the whole spectrum is here

in Turkey but there's still very decent

people whether they're secular is or

committed to Islam I think you'll oh by

and large find they're very very lot of

just human decency that's been my

experience I've been in Turkey now

several times and spent you know periods

close to a month a couple of those times

and that's been my experience with the

people from the top all the way down to

you know the simple people and they and

it's a great tradition they have a great

tradition here and and they're also I

think one of the things that I really

liked about Turkey is they still have an

aesthetic sense that a lot of Muslim

countries of law so they they tend to

really beauty is still very much part of

their culture and they have beautiful

parks they have beautiful a lot of

beautiful architecture still Istanbul is

arguably I think the most beautiful city

aesthetically outside of Medina because

I'm not going to say anything is more

beautiful than Medina I mean now Medina

is the mosque alone and it's a very

beautiful mosque it's the most beautiful

mosque in the world and so but after

Medina I would definitely say I mean I

was in Istanbul and I said to this

Turkish man he told me he'd studied in

San Francisco I said oh that's all

that's re-stamped that's already stem

bull and he was like

I said you know the bay it's got water

and hills and hey just no no yet no and

also make dua for the organizers they've

worked really hard dr. Asha and her team

really sincere group of people worked

very hard to make all this happen so

inshallah may Allah make it a blessed

time for you a kind of learning and

opening and my advice to you is you know

don't turn on the TV try to avoid you

know just unplug for a little while you

know you're all plugged in it's good to

unplug for a while and and just try to

focus on your studies as much as


we didn't plan having a mall next to so

my advice don't go into the mall dr.

yang is coming tonight so we

traditionally we always had exercise

component in the retina and then Joseph

Alea Hama who who used to do the do

member Joseph yeah he in New Mexico and

things used to do the Tai Chi and the

Kung Fu and he died so after that we

just didn't do it but but we'd always

had that component because I you know I

think it's very important for people

Muslims tend to neglect their bodies a

lot and traditional societies there was

a lot of exercise just being in a

traditional society walking and

horseback riding and archery and

wrestling all the prophets like Sam was

a very active all the way through his

whole life he was physically very active

he did had no fat on him so low lightest

and him he he was described as having a

very flat stomach even when he was 63

years of age he was very muscular his

senior and very strong and all might

have been at hot Bob once saw a man who

was overweight in

mekka and he said that would be better

if it was on somebody else right so in

other words your extra caloric intake

you know might be better if you give

that to somebody else now don't judge

anybody because some people have you

never know about people so if you see

people that are overweight you know just

don't be judgmental about them or

arrogant or anything because some people

they really they don't eat a lot and in

fact imam banannie says that some of the

Odia are tried with fat like allah makes

them fat even though they don't eat

anything and and I've seen that with

some people you know that so you know

don't don't make any judgments about

people about that and I don't want

people to feel bad or anything like that

but it's good just to do exercise you

can be women should you know

traditionally they were you know I had

good weight and and so there's no

blemish in a woman who's got weight on

her it's actually healthier for a woman

to have fat you know really so this

these skinny women end up losing their

their periods they can't have children

and you know this happens like they do

too much exercise and they actually end

up losing their femininity and becoming

it different there's a new hybrid

species out there this

androgynous so but it's good insha'Allah

I hope people enjoy it he's a chi gong

master and Qi Gong is not a religious

exercise it there is relation to the

Taoist tradition and to Shaolin temples

and things like that so so there are

there is Association but it's um it's a

it's the exercise that went with martial

arts in China and it's very very

invigorating for people that do it on a

regular basis and practice it but he's

gonna be working with you so you can

pretty much learn how to do it during

the time and it's good to learn it from

somebody there's a lot on line and

things like that

but according to the New York Times the

longest living human being ever was a

chi gong teacher in China they

ascertained he claimed to be 235 years

of age but they did ascertain that he

was at least a hundred and seventy and

and he taught she going to the imperial

troops and the new york times sent a

team over to find out about him in 1932

I think so that was actually a goji

berries and drank green tea and Jen sang

so I mean I don't know if anybody really

wants to stick around here for 175 years

but the time we're here we should try to

be as healthy as possible you know

because it's it'll help you yeah my mom

was at the grocery store and you know

how they have those all those funny

national enquirer and all those and she

was my mom's 94 this year and she was

there was another old lady in the line

and she looked at my mother and then she

looked at the magazine and she said

aren't you glad we're on our way out

sit on my neck


Video 2

smile honey masala - Sarah - even o

Muhammad said him to steal him for a

dinner together enjoy a Libra Karim was

in there Elma hamdulillah D before we

get into the Mobilio Azshara the third

part we read the first two Hawaiian the

third part of Syria Musa rope is lifted

a faux fur happy better Waheeda in


dela al-abadi Iraqi Joomla Teja some

Hawaiian Roger re Austin why didn't the

man who you met amar Peterffy her

canotary Baro - and who he has to be met

for him I mean who would you murder to

require you appear to a data file city

he wear a tee vertically were hidden

Allah has to be Minardi here Inman or

ammidon or holla of the oken O'Hara

darica what if thirakkatha tasawwuf min

d'eryka cementum a local hospital you

name him Allah who we Avari ble a Yeti

he and Italia t he coul assassin all and

Managua dae-eun a Cebu Haruka Eden Roc

leader in Natasha Wolfe Ikeda

azshara and Amanda who nasi and Amanda

who knows even Minh City Ottawa - healer

who know Siva Mineta solve one Metazoa


I hadn't sit puta what yo he he

of him

so he says that a difference of opinion

about one reality when you have

something that has one reality and then

you have all this extra difference about

it when that difference multiplies when

you have a lot of it it indicates the

depth of understanding or comprehending

the totality of that thing in other

words that thing is a deep or profound

thing so it's it's hard to grasp it in

any one articulation and then he says if

you go back to one source that contains

a summation of what's been said about it

then that articulation of that that

thing is based upon what was understood

from the original thing that you're

talking about all right

so he says the summation of all the

words that have been said and all the

details that have been said are based on

those saying it in accorded in

accordance with their knowledge their

action their States their tastes their

experience of it and other

considerations so the difference in

Sufism in Tessa Woolf is from that

perspective and for that reason at how

fallible night he was one of the greats

I mean he was actually considered he has

he's considered Shetty Sonam of his time

he was a half-filled which meant he

memorized over a hundred thousand hadith

and he he died in 430 and he wrote a

famous book called Helia - Dahlia and

what he wanted to prove that all the

early community were Sufis so he wanted

to show that that was really the

foundation of their spiritual tradition

is that they were all people of this

science of tossa Wolfe so he he when he

talks about

each one of them the heylia is their

adornment when he talks about each one

of them he he says that that and it said

that Sufism Orta Soloff is this and then

it's different from what the other said

but his point was all of those

expressions were expressions of that

person's state and so what he wanted to

show in this was that whatever portion

of their sincerity in their inner

directedness towards the divine whatever

that portion was that was their

proportion of hisself that's what they

had of Tessa Wolfe whatever however much

sincerity they had in their inner

directedness towards the divine that was

what they had and that that the tasawwuf

of every individual was his sincere

inner directedness towards the divine

that's that's what it was so that's the

third light now on to the subject the

the text that we're going to be using as

a foundation is called Issa goji and it

was written by a great scholar of what

what are called the automatic Lia and

Athiya Rodina Abadi is is the the one

who wrote the book and he called it Issa

goji which their understanding of it was

that it meant introduction because

there's a famous text that was written

by an earlier pre Islamic scholar that

was a commentary on Aristotle's

categories and he also called that the

Issa goji so that can't became a term in

the Islamic tradition for an

introduction to logic the Issa goji so

it's ISA goji is what they called it and

he wrote this this book as a primer in

logic and this was a book that was

studied after the student had studied

grammar historically you had a hierarchy

of knowledge and knowledge is built on

other knowledge is so you move from

what's known to what's unknown you need

building blocks so you need a ladder to

move up in those degrees and grammar is

basically learning how language

functions at the most basic level so we

learn how to read sentences how to

understand when we communicate we use a

lot of things IV obviously humans speak

naturally and we don't need to be

literate to communicate language many

Aboriginal peoples they speak without

any literacy and they have their

languages we now know their languages

are as sophisticated and and sometimes

more sophisticated

and modern languages so Aboriginal

languages are actually as complex as the

languages that we're speaking and

sometimes they actually have more words

to express things but Aboriginal

languages tend to be even though they

have abstraction x' because the nature

of language is abstraction you can't

have language without abstraction

they're not they tend not to be

philosophical languages they're not

languages that have the type of thinking

that develops in literate civilizations

so as a civilization becomes more

literate it it develops ways of

understanding because what what happens

is introspection and so as a people

develop intellectually they begin to

reflect on things in a way that

primitive people's or Aboriginal peoples

don't which is not to say that they

don't reflect they do they have deep

reflection they have religions they have

ways of looking at the world that are

profound and there's immense wisdom in

Aboriginal traditions and people who

have had the experience of being with

Aboriginal peoples will know that that

they're they're not it's a different way

of being then the way of settled peoples

and and peoples that that live in

complex societies because Aboriginal

peoples live in very simple societies so

logic is one of those sciences that

develops in a complex society grammar is

the analyses of language and then it's

the articulation of what's been analysed

so for instance all human beings speak

with nouns it doesn't matter what you

call a noun you can call it a noun you

can call it a SM like in Arabic you have

ism you have Lamia which is a type of

noun what we call a pronoun in English

all languages have these methods and

this is the analysis

of linguist when they go into to try to

understand language they look and there

there is a theory of Chomsky who's a

great linguist in in the United States

about this underlying grammar that

exists this universal grammar

that's actually a the early Muslim

grammarians were very much aware of that

and and they they discussed these issues

about the nature of language

you'll also find these discussions in

the Scholastic tradition but much of the

scholastic tradition was taken out of

the Muslim tradition because of the

influence of a Farabi of even Sina of

even druid of a Ghazali and others on

their discourse but they looked and they

attempted to understand the the very

nature of language what is the nature of

language and language is a right man and

abundance an right al Rahman a diamond

or an audience an alum oho

the ban that the merciful he he taught

the Quran he created the human being and

then gave the human being ban and ban is

the ability to you may you know my fee

enough see he to articulate what's in

his soul it's the ability to actually

speak what what is in your heart and

what is that does language precede

meaning or does meaning precede language

in other words do we need language to

express meaning or is language the

result of a pre-existent meaning and our

scholars argued on the side of meaning

that meaning precedes language and many

public Mabini

meanings precede the vehicles of meaning

and when you get into our peda there's

huge discussions about what is the

nature of Kalama law is it

meanings or is it the uncreated meanings

or is it the actual vehicle for those

meanings or is it both but from

different perspectives these these are

long debates in that tradition so the

the analysis of language is an analysis

that can can be done to any language in

the world

every language has grammar darisha has

grammar if you if you look at daddy

shell or Ebonics in the United States we

have a type of of a common language

amongst a minority community in the

United States that they speak and they

understand and it's it it moves it

evolves it changes but it has a grammar

and it can be analyzed Creole has a

grammar of pidgin languages have

grammars every language has a grammar

there are certain languages that are

profound civilizational languages and

and these languages because of the

nature of their traditions a certain

continuity takes place so Sanskrit is

one of those languages Chinese is one of

those languages the the the the Hebrew

language the Arabic language these are

ancient languages and in those languages

are embedded profound worldviews if you

if you study the Chinese language in the

ideograms there are literally

cosmologies that are articulated in

their ideograms so you can analyze them

if you look at Hebrew the same is true

there are there are cosmologies embedded

I'll give you one example if you look at

the word for human being in in Arabic

the the word that means human that

shared by male and females called in San

and many of the philolog